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Fritz

Königreich Preußen, Orders & Decorations

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Königreich Preußen,  1701-1918

Befreiungskriege, 1813-1814 and 1815, campaign medals
Bronze from captured French canon, 2nd series cast in Berlin, edge stamped:   AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUTZ
(first series with round cross ends was cast in Paris)

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Medal for 1813 on newer replacement ribbon.
Medal for 1813-1814 on later 19th century ribbon.
 

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Medal for 1814 on original period ribbon.
Medal for 1815 (Waterloo, "La Belle Alliance", Quatre Bras, Ligny, etc.) On copy ribbon

Early to Mid 19th Century

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Neufchâtel Medal for the suppression of the rebellion in the Province of Neufchâtel (Neuenburg), 1831. Silver on replacement ribbon
"Fidelité au Devoir et à la Patrie, 1831"
Commemorative medal from 17. March 1863 for the Napoleonic Wars, awarded to all surviving veterans. Goldbronze on original ribbon

1848-1849

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Hohenzollern Medal for the suppression of the Revolution in Berlin 1848 and other regions and the First Schleswig-Holstein War.
Version for combattants. On replacement ribbon of pre 1945 manufacture. This was the ribbon of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern

Einigungskriege - Wars for the unification

1864 Second Schleswig-Holstein War

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Düppeler Sturmkreuz, 18. April 1864, on older replacement ribbon
Alsen Kreuz, 29. June 1864, on short original period ribbon
Kriegsdenkmünze 1864, on short older ribbon. Cast from captured Danish canon. There was also an Austrian version, identical, but with the monograms in the reverse order. The ribbon is in the Austrian and Prussian colours.

The German War of 1866

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Erinnerungskreuz für Königgrätz, 3. July 1866
Erinnerungskreuz für die Main-Armee, 1866. For the battles in the southwest regions

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Erinnerungskreuz "Treuen Kriegern" for those in other theatres of war
Erinnerungskreuz "Für Pflichttreue im Kriege" 1866, for non-combattants (a different type of Bronze)
All on correct original or older ribbons

The War against France, 1870/71
After the last adversary had been overcome, nothing more stood in the way of the German Unification;
the King of Prussia was unanimously proclaimed as German Emperor in the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles on 18. January 1871

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Eisernes Kreuz 2. Klasse 1870
2 examples First example manufactured around 1890, no maker's mark. Second example, as awarded, here with an old repair to ring loop, and the iron core is broken in three places, silver frame. This example is with the Jubilee oak leaf of 1895, silver, one prong missing. A much worn example. Rare

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Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71 für Nicht Combattanten
Medal for non-combattants in iron on ribbon for non-combattants, 1870/71

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An example as worn: A private purchase example, silver plated and with a narrower ring, for non-combattants, mounted on ribbon for combattants! A non-combattant, who was involved in the battlefield or under fire.   The first decoration on the set is missing, this was either the Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen or the Roter Adler Orden, both of which were "rückgabepflichtig" (to be returned after the death of the wearer). Top quality mounted in a style known as "Bogenbänder".

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Kriegsdenkmünze with 6 bars
METZ, PARIS, LOIGNY-POUPRY, ORLÉANS, BEAUGENCY-CRAVANT, LE MANS

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Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71 für Combattanten. With Gefechtsspange BELFORT (1895)

 

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Various loose bars, size and script could vary, bars were always size-matched. Bars were available in 1895 for the 25th anniversary of the war, and could be purchased by those entitled. There were 25 official bars.

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Further campaign bars

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All original examples bear the edge inscription: AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUETZ

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Hochzeitserinnerungszeichen, 1903. Mounted on ribbon of the Red Eagle Order or the Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen, Silver. Awarded at the Silver Jubilee of to all the guests, who ere present at the wedding of Kaiser Wilhelm II, including 219 soldiers of the 2. Comp., 1.Garde-Regiment. This was mounted on the ribbon of the last decoration awarded to the recipient.

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Commemorative
Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtnismedaille, 22. March 1897.  Bronze from captured French cannon

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Preußisches Rothes Kreuz  Medaille, decorations, introduced 1898

Rothes Kreuz Medaille 2. Klasse. Silvered bronze
Rothes Kreuz Medaille 3. Klasse, bronze

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2nd class, Variant in iron on a lady's ribbon
2nd class, Variant in zinc

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3. Klasse with original case of issue, mid-war

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Ehrenzeichen der Preußischen Staatsbahn, 1905-1918
40 Jahre. Silver partly gilded. Makers Mark and 800 silver
25 Jahre. Silver. Makers mark and 800 silber
Ehrenzeichen für Verdienste um das Feuerlöschwesen. 1908-1916. Gilt bronze with makers mark

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Ehejubiläumsmedaille zur Goldenen Hochzeit, 1888-1918, nichttragbar. Silver, awarded in a presentation case with official letter of congratulation.

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Offiziers Dienstauszeichnung 25 Jahre
1st type 1825, old example ca. 1840,3/4 miniature, so-called "Prinzengröße", fire gilded bronze, superb quality
last type, 1895 onwards, fire gilded bronze

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Dienstauszeichnungen, 1825
1. Klasse, 21 years service. Fire gilded bronze. Maker's mark, Sy & Wagner, mounted on correct original ribbon and pin
2. Klasse, 15 years service. Silver. Maker's mark, H.Zehn, Berlin, mounted on correct original ribbon and pin
3. Klasse, 9 years service. Iron/silver. Maker's mark, H.Zehn, Berlin, mounted on correct original ribbon and pin

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Dienstauszeichnungen 1913-1921
1. Klasse - 15 Jahre
2. Klasse - 12 Jahre
3. Klasse - 9 Jahre

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Landwehr Dienstauszeichnung 1. Klasse. XX Jahre, 1868
Silver, both medallions gold, mounted, removed from a medal bar

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Landwehr Dienstauszeichnung 2. Klasse, 1868-1913
Official version
Non official version, goldbronze/enamel for wear with a medal group

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Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung 2. Klasse.   1913 - ca. 1921
Variant, gilt bronze
Variant, bright copper, age tarnish

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Rettungsmedaille, 1833. Life saving medal, silver
Older Version 1833-1864, "KOENIG", removed from a medal bar
Newer version, 1875-1907, "KÖNIG"; on original ribbon

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Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen. Type 1847, older example on shortened original ribbon

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Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen

Kreuz des Allgemeinen Ehrenzeichens am Band der Rettungsmedaille. Silver / Gold. Introduced 1900
Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen 2. Klasse für 60 Dienstjahre. Silver, on replacement ribbon. Introduced 1810, medallion in 1851
Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen 3. Klasse. Bronze. Introduced 1912

 

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Verdienstkreuz
Verdienstkreuz in Gold. Gilt bronze with a silver gilt centre
Verdienstkreuz in Silber. Silver, mounted for wear
Introduced 1912.  Both decorations could also be awarded with a crown as a higher class
(obv. and rev. ident.)

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Orden Pour le Mérite. Type 1916, gilt metal and blue enamel on neck ribbon, simple copy, late 1960s

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Eisernes Kreuz 1914 1. Klasse
Silver example marked  S.W for Sy & Wagner, Berlin
Private purchase example, convex with silver alloy content

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Eisernes Kreuz 1914, 2. Klasse, am Band für Kämpfer. Silver/iron, 2 examples, no visible maker's mark
Eisernes Kreuz 1914, 2. Klasse, am Band für Nichtkämpfer. Silver/iron, set ribbon, removed from a group
 

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Militär Ehrenzeichen 2. Klasse. Introduced 1864.  40 mm, silver on war ribbon. For service 1864, 1866 and later in the colonies, not awarded in WW1. Equal to the Iron Cross 2nd class. The 1st class was a silver cross, which is very rare.
Kriegerverdienst Medaille, 1892-1918. Variant Kriegs Verdienst on Austrian trifold ribbon. Silvered bronze, 25 mm.

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Krieger Verdienst Medaille, 1835, 2nd form from 1873 till 1918. 
24 mm, Silver, on original period ribbon.  Awarded for bravery, also to colonial troops and foreign nationals

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Kreuz für Kriegshilfsdienste, 1916. Zinc

 

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Commemorative badge for Kaiser-Alexander-Garde-Grenadier-Regiment, 1814-1914

(to be continued)

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Deutsches Reich, 1871-1918

 

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China Denkmünze 1901 für Kämpfer, here with unofficial bar 1. Torpedo-Abtheilung and one further bar missing.
Various bars issued: TAKU, SEYMOUR-EXPEDITION, TIENTSIN, PEKING, PEITANG-FORTS, LIANG-HSIANG-HSIEN, KAUMI, TSEKINGWAN, KALGAN, HUOLU, KITCHOU, HOPHU, FOUPHING

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Südwest Afrika Denkmünze 1904-06. Iron version for non-combattants. The other version was in bright bronze and with a different text. Campaign bars were issued for latter.

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Kolonialdenkmünze, inst. 1912, here with the bar PONAPE 1910/11
Bars issued were DEUTSCH-OSTAFRIKA, SÜDWEST-AFRIKA, TOGO, KAMERUN, SAMOA, VENEZUELA 1902/03, each with various years added

 

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Militär Flugzeugführer Abzeichen, 1913-1918. Silver by C.E. Juncker, Berlin in original case of issue.

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Wound Badges, March 1918.
Gold. Iron
Silver. Zinc
Black. Iron
Private purchase example with screwback fitting, in 800 Silver, luxury quality, after 1919

(to be continued)

 

 

 

 

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The Kingdom of Prussia in the borders of 1914

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Zollverein or Customs Union, 1834-1919
The European Union is based on this idea

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The Provinces of Prussia after the anexation, 1919

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Deutsches Reich, Kolonien im Übersee

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Following new decorations have been added:
Iron Cross 2. class 1870, 2 examples
Hochzeitserinnerungszeichen, 1903.

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