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  2. Ritterkreuz II.Klasse des Ernestinischen Hausordens / Entry in Archive Thüringen, persons: https://www.archive-in-thueringen.de/de/findbuch/view/searchterm/Martius/submit/submit/page/2/bestand/27866/systematik/97915/archivgut/2421634/searchall/Martius Oberleutnant des Infanterie-Regiment Bremen (1. Hanseatisches) Nr. 75, z. Zt. Feld-Flieger-Abteilung Nr. 9 Roos Archivalien-Signatur: 20269 Bestandssignatur: 2-99-4004 Datierung: 14. Dezember 1914 Staatsministerium Dep. I Loc. 11 Nr. 5 Vol. 111 S. 127 RS, 131; Staatsministerium Dep. I Loc. 11 Nr. 69 S. 150; Staatsministerium Dep. I Loc. 11 Nr. 20 Vol. 14 Bl. 301 --------------- Feld-Flieger-Abteilung 9 Mathias Gaibler, Walter Glaser (1) Horst von Hippel (1), August Joly, Otto Zimmer-Vorhaus (+ 1945), KEK III (Kampfeinsitzerkommando) Wolfgang Heinemann, Max Immelmann, 5. August 1914, Aachen: Oblt. Roos, Lt. d. R. Caspar, Lt. Zech, Lt. Peltzer, Oblt. Zimmer-Vorhaus, Oblt. Klein, Oblt. Joly, Oblt. Kaltenborn-Stachau. Oblt. Rodewaldt flog auf Fokker E 6/15 'Habicht' Information: http://www.frontflieger.de/2-ffa009.html ------------ *Eugen Roos, Major a.D.: I first met Eugen Roos, who lived in the Bundesstraße, Hamburg in 1975. He told me a few brief details of his war days. Served with Infanterie-Regiment Bremen, transferred to Flying Corps. In WW2 he was a major of the Luftwaffe, at the end of the war prisoner of the Americans. I did not know which decorations he had. This entry I found by coincidence. Herr Roos made a very modest impression, and was very active as a pensioner, taking evening courses for various scientific themes and EDV-computer technology at the university, etc. Feldflieger-Abteilung 9 war dem IV. Armee-Korps zugeteilt.
  3. Yesterday
  4. Some of these copies could be passed as originals! Another type going around, aluminium, all aluminium buckles of this type should have a pebbled surface, also the catch at the rear looks strange and has an RZM mark.
  5. I have identified pretty much all other markings other than the "GF", you might be correct as it might mean grenade firing. This may have been added before the wire wrap as a identifying mark. It is interesting that the copper wire was soldered while on the rifle, leaving the wood burned at the end of the wrapping.
  6. Last week
  7. B.S.A. is th manufacturer, Birmingham Small Arms Company. The GF is perhaps a special stamp for "Grenade Firing" ? In order to show that this is not normal firing standard or marksman standard.
  8. Yes, there was an incident about two years ago in Hamburg-Barmbek, Fühlsbüttler Straße, a man opened a big kitchen knife from it's packaging in the Edeka supermarket, and stabbed a complete stranger, for no apparent reason, he then left the shop and went on the rampage down the Fühlsbüttler Straße. Luckily he was stopped by a handfull of idealists, who grabbed chairs from a street café and wielded him off and overpowered him handing him over to the police. The man had a certain immigration background. Needless to say, the victim died as he had multiple stab wounds.
  9. It's cost me at least 30% of my turnover per year. They were told to exclude collectors items in the consultation but ignored it, and basically banned everything apart from kitchen knifes which is the main cause of knife crime. You can apply for a licence which I did, but involves getting an architect draw up plans of where the edged weapons are to be displayed, keeping details of the buyer's name and address to give to the police and the final straw was the small print, saying if for any reason you are refused the licence the fee will not be returned and at almost £1000 this was a gamble I did not want to take. So after six years of this law being in force, has knife crime gone down in Scotland? No it has gone up, it has made no difference at all, apart from punishing law abiding collectors. Can you still buy the criminals favorite weapon of choice the steak knife, yes easily at any supermarket for about £3 Crazy !!!
  10. This is the Short Magazine Lee Enfield (SMLE) Mark III. This is not an uncommon rifle by any means, however this version with the copper wire wrapping is the cup grenade launching version. Now details on the rifle, all matching parts, serial number X3684. I am by no means an expert on these rifles, and it has a great many markings. Marked under bolt handle "GR", BSA CO. 1915, Sht. LE III. It has "GF" marked in several spots, have not yet found the meaning of that stamp. The wire wrapping was used to help reenforce the rifles from the recoil of launching grenades. Originally the British used rod grenades, which tended to mess up the rifles pretty bad, then switched to cup launchers which were easy to install and remove. Using a blank cartridge the the propellent would force the grenade from the cup, releasing the spoon, arming the grenade and sending it to its target. Last picture shows the rifle with the launcher attached.
  12. Here is a good site that shows the evolution of the French body armor and some variants. http://humanbonb.free.fr/indexProtegecorporel.html
  13. I have not seen any actual samples in person. I have measurements and some good pictures to work from, these are very rare. I have contacted several well known militaria collectors, who have extensive and large collections, and no one has this. A few had the steel inserts and that was it. So I am working on the sheath now, probably about 60% done. I am using a light blue cotton duct material, and purposely making it look a little crude, to match the reference pictures I have. I will check the IWM see what they can offer. The first run on this sheath is a learning experience for me as well.
  14. Very good handworkmanship! Have you seen actual examples you could copy these from? Many years ago the Imperial War Museum in London had a wide display of body armour of various types, including also the M.16 helmet with browplate, needless to say, these were all perfect examples, that needed no completing or restoring in any way. Perhaps an enquiry at the Imperial War Museum might be helpfull to you.
  15. I am in the progress of making the canvas sheath, so below is the steel insert and since woodite is not a readily available material today, I am using 1/4 inch layers of felt. I had to lay the felt onto the shield as it is curved to cut for a proper fit. the 2 outer layers were slightly larger to accommodate the curved surface and give an even appearance. The last two pictures show the 4 layers in place and shaped to be put into the sheath.
  16. Here is an image of the Daigre sheath from the excellent reference book: Helmets and Body Armor in Modern Warfare, by Yale University Press, 1920.
  17. Here is a image from the internet that shows a group of well armed French soldiers, with the middle and right side soldier wearing the Daigre armor. They are also wearing an early type of protective helmet, basically a steel skull cap, which could be worn under the kepi.
  18. In WW1, several armies used portable armor to protect troops, such as body armor, portable shields and set shields. Some of these were crude and medieval in appearance to well thought out and creatively constructed. One of the earliest types of the portable shields was developed by Monsieur Daigre of France, which is now known as Daigre Armor. There is not a lot of information on this, so I will provide what I can. The shield was roughly rectangular in shape, in the upper right hand corner there was a cut out to allow for rifles to use used against the shoulder (see image below of the steel shape). The shield was about 23 inches high, and 14 inches wide, it weighed 21 pounds complete, the steel was 19 pounds and .275 inches thick. The metal shield was covered in woodite, which was a gelatinous material used as packing as it was fibrous in nature. The woodite was layed a half inch thick on both sides with a good amount overlapping the edge for extra protection. Over this was a blue tent cloth material which tightly held the shield in place. On the wearers side, the sheath had belt loops, hand carrying straps, neck loops and waist attachments depending on how the wearer intended to use the shield. Ballistics testing showed that at close range the standard German service round failed to penetrate the shield, although the wearer would still feel the impact of the round. However for armor piercing rounds, it could only stop these at long range, when the bullet had lost most of its energy. It is estimated that 65,000 of these shields were made, at a rate of 2,000 a day, which costed the French Government the equivalent of $22 per shield. The shield itself was a very good idea in terms of providing the individual soldier with a protective system, as these were introduced before the steel helmet was available. The idea of using layers of composite materials sandwiched over s steel plate to stop a projectile is not unlike the kevlar vests of today. The shield could be worn by the soldier on his torso, or held on the arm, or used as a positional set shield. Several other countries used shields similar to this design. I am currently in the process of restoring one of these shields, and will post pictures of the process soon.
  19. Here is another NSKK Collar Tab, 14/M 81, which was 14th Motorsturm or Company of Motorstandarte or Regiment 81, which was based at Regensburg, part of Gruppe Bayernwald.
  20. Yes I agree Fritz, I try to get the best condition possible. NSKK items are hard to find, especially in this condition. And it seems NSKK items are also gaining in popularity as the prices are only going up. Finding good quality items that have not been altered is a real challenge today.
  21. I have also re-edited my first text further above with additional information and corrections on the Stein inscription (check this)
  22. They don't turn up too often, mainly flight, signals and flak. Ties: In the former NVA East German army, you had an easy tie, that looked and sat perfectly. It was on an elastic band with a hook and eye. I used to often wear one myself with a grey shirt. Here is one example of the shirt and tie worn with the Fliegerbluse, in this case, very long pointed collar, small knot.
  23. Thanks Fritz, I appreciate the feedback. I am not the best person for ties, I don't have a bright buckle yet, on my list. I do have the side cap, the black piped peaked cap is very expensive, I will have to save up for that one.
  24. A wartime Garde-Ulanen Tschapka, as worn by all three regiments in fieldgrey, this was of course worn with a greyish cloth cover, the "mortarboard" was removable on these 1915/16 models. An officer wearing the future fieldgrey peacetime dress uniform, as prescribed in September 1915. Official illustration by Paul Casberg. A couple of impressions of the regiment, an officer's full dress uniform and a contemporary illustration by Döbrich-Steglitz, from: Die Preußischen Kavallerie-Regimenter 1913/14 by Hugo W. Schulz
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