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Cavalry Uniforms, 1871 - 1918


Fritz

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Regiment der Garde du Corps. Ringkragen for other ranks, introduced 24. January 1912, on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Friedrich II.
Maker's mark C.E. Juncker, no further marks. Two of the fixing post screws are missing.  Worn when the Kürass was not worn. When the Küraß was worn, the centre piece was from this shield was bolted on.

Kürassier - Regimenter - Bilder

Garde du Corps wearing the 1814 presentation Kürass (donated to the Regiment by Tsar Aleksandr I.), worn only once a year, here with the 1912 emblem from the Ringkragen.

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Kürassier-Regiment Königin (Pommersches) Nr. 2. Introduced for the entire regiment in 1895.

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Kürassier-Regiment Königin (Pommersches) Nr. 2

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Kürassier-Regiment von Driesen (Westf.) Nr.4

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Regiment der Gardes du Corps, dark blue backing for the service tunic (Waffenrock), Garrison: Potsdam

Kürassier-Regiment Kaiser Nikolaus I. von Russland (Brandenburgisches) No.6.Garrison: Brandenburg/Havel
Tsar Nikolaus I. (1825-1855) had been honorary commander-in-chief of the regiment. The monogram was kept as a perpetual tradition till the end of the monarchy and disbandment of the regiment after November 1918.

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Kürassier-Regiment Graf Gessler (Rheinisches) Nr. 8, Deutz
With name label of wearer, Kürassier Kalsbach, Ersatz Eskadron. King George V. of England was commander in chief of the Regiment till August 1914. Worn 1911 till 1914.

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Kartuschkasten, Kürassier-Regiment Großer Kurfürst (Schlesisches) Nr. 1, medallion is a copy
Kartuschkasten, Kürassier-Regimenter 3-5, 7 and 8, long version for pistol ammunition

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Shoulder straps for the greatcoat (backing is grey) for other ranks and n.c.o. of
"1. Garde Dragoner-Regiment Königin Viktoria von Grossbritannien und Irland" - Garrison: Berlin.

Last Commander in Chief was George V., King of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India, and he wore the Regimental uniform whilst visiting his regiment in Berlin or during Royal Visits, the last of which was during the wedding of Vikoria Luise with Ernst August of Braunschweig in 1913.

Regiment was originally raised in 1815 as Garde-Dragoner-Regiment. In 1860, a further regiment was raised. The older regiment received the title of

1. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment. By order of Kaiser-Wilhelm, the regiment received it's last title and honours on 17. December 1899. The yellow monogram on the red shoulder straps was for Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland, in honour of the Kaiser's grandmother. The regiment retained this monogram till the very end, when it was disbanded after December 1918. Some n.c.o.s and volunteers were re-called to put down uprisings in some cities, including Berlin in the months after the war.

The regiment saw similar service as most of the cavalry regiments, beginning the war in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Ardennes and to the Marne. After the retreat, the regiment went into the line at Arras and on the Somme.

The Regiment was sent to the Eastern Front in 1915, via Galicia to Russia, and took part in the general pursuit and the defeat of the Brussilow Offensive, then being sent to the trenches at the Pripjet Front. In November 1916 the various squadrons were sent to various infantry divisions, as Divisional Cavalry. In the course of the year 1917 all the squadrons came to the Western Front, where they took part in the fighting till the end in 1918. From the end of November till December 1918 the regiment returned to Berlin, where it was disbanded.

The tradition of the regiment was carried on by 1st Squadron of Reiter-Regiment No.9 in Fürstenwalde

To people in England the monogram may well look familiar. It is in fact the monogram VRI under the British Crown for Queen Victoria.
Sister Regiment was the 2. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Russland. These monograms were worn to the very end, up till the disbanding of the Regiments, 1918/19.

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2. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Russland (3rd Squadron), Gefreiter. Regiment based in Berlin.
The regiment was raised in 1860, it later bore the mongram of the Empress Alexandra of Russia, who was honorary Colonel in Chief since 1896. It took part in the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866 and reached Vienna.  In 1870 it took part in the battles of Vionville, Mars la Tour, Gravelotte and St. Privat, as well as at Sedan and the encirclement of Paris. It saw action on the Eastern Front in 1916 , and 3 squadrons of the regiment were sent to France in 1917 and saw service as divisional cavalry between the front lines and the rear areas. Disbanded after return to Berlin in November-December 1918.
The tunic is of a darker shade of cornflower blue with red facings, white metal buttons and white Gardelitzen and has additionally a silver braid chevron on the right sleeve for good lance fencing.

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Uniform Ensemble for Dragoner-Regiment Freiherr von Manteuffel (Rheinisches) Nr. 5, stationed in Hofgeismar since 1875, XI. Armee-Korps.  Raised on 7. May 1860.  Prinz Alfons von Bayern was honorary Commander in Chief.

1864  War against Denmark.  Regiment to Schleswig-Holstein, in garrison at Flensburg and Hadersleben
1866  As part of the Army of the Main under General von Manteuffel, 29.June 1866  Langensalza, 02.August 1866 occupation of Würzburg
1870/71  Sedan, Paris, Loire

1914  Protection of borders and railways in Eastern Belgium
1915  Eastern Front, Baltic, Vilna
1916  Russian Poland,Roumania
1917  Western Front, patrols on border with Holland, then infantry training to rear of Siegfried Line in France
1918  Eastern Front, Galicia, Ukraine
November 1918-February 1919, fighting retreat from Ukraine back to Hofgeismar, arriving on 24. February 1919, when the regiment was demobilised and disbanded. The tradition of the Regiment was carried on by 2. Esk./Reiter-Regiment 16 in Hofgeismar.

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Private purchase other ranks' cap, white silk liner with handwritten name: Gerlach

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Other ranks' private purchase tunic. Official colour was "cornflower blue", which was often lighter or darker shades of blue.
D.R.1, D.R.5 and D.R.13 wore red facings. On right arm is a proficiency stripe for lance practice.
(Below this are some traces of professional invisible mending - expensive, but recommended!)

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Shoulder detail with buttons for 2. Eskadron and regimental number. Small rank buttons (25mm) on collar for Gefreiter

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All dragoon regiments wore the Swedish cuff. The bottom of the tunic was not seamed or hemmed, as it was of excellent cloth. Officers' tunics were sometimes with a stiched edge hem

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Tunic rear with waist buttons and skirting detail

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Older M.1860/67 helmet for regiments with white metal fittings, the chinscales were always
brass, the rosettes here silver

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Old type chinscale fittings pre 1894, only one cocade was worn till 1897. On 22.3.1897 the Reichskokarde, black-white-red,
was introduced for the entire army

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One large Prussian cockade to the right side

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Name tag with entry: Einj.-Freiw. Woge, 5. Eskadron.

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Kartuschkasten as worn by Dragoner and Kürassiere.

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Reverse with attachments for white leather shoulder bandelier. Wide version for pistol ammunition.

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Kavallerie-Oberkoppel - Sword belt worn by most mounted troops with the exception of Husars and Ulans. Private purchase example, white patent leather with a lining of fine light grey cloth, this with ageing, yellowing and some moth damage, the brass buckle with patent hook release to rear. White leather equipment was otherwise white buckskin or whitened buff leather (geweißtes, lohgar gegerbtes Leder). With sword hanger and brass hooked chain.

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Leutnant, Dragoner-Regiment König Carl von Rumänien (Hannoversches) Nr. 9
Rittmeister, Thüringisches Ulanen-Regiment 6. Monogram is of König Christian IX. von Dänemark, who was honorary chief.

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Westälisches Dragoner-Regiment No.7
Dragoner-Regiment König Albert von Sachsen (Ostpreussisches) No. 10,
fieldgrey 1914/15. Regimental colour: White, early example economy pattern

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3. Schlesisches Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 15, last garrison in Hagenau/Alsace, XV. Armee-Korps.
Honorary colonel in chief was  Prinz Ludwig Ferdinand von Bayern.
Last commander of the Regiment: Oberstleutnant von Abercron.

Raised in October 1866 in Groß-Strehlitz in Schlesien
1870/71  Border skirmishes in Lorraine, over Rheims to siege of Paris, where it remained till the capitulation of Paris at end of January 1871. On 1. March 1871 entry into Paris.
May-July 1871 into garrison at Hagenau.

1914 After the outbreak of war the Regiment was involved in border clashes in Lorraine., after which it was transferred to the right flank of the front up to Lille. From the end of December 1914 till end of October 1915 back to Lorraine, where it remained on the army reserve. Till October 1916 it saw service on the Belgian-Dutch border.
October 1916 - January 1917 campaign against Roumania
January 1917 - April 1917 securing the Siegfried Line in the West
May 1917  training within the 7. Kavallerie-Division  on the Vosges Front , turning the division into a Kavallerie-Schützen-Division for trench warfare. The horses were withdrawn and the regiment received infantry weapons.
July 1918 Regiment took part in defensive battles on the Western Front as "Schützen-Bataillon Dragoner 15"
The remains of the regiment were sent to Alsace 1n October 1918 for replenishing, the war ending in November. On 12. November the regiment began it's march over the Rhein and was disarmed in Blodelsheim, then being disbanded in Rotenburg a.d. Fulda.

The tradition of the Regiment was carried on by A-Squadron of Reiter-Regiment 8 in Brieg.

Pink facings with white piping to collar and cuffs, the shade of cornflower blue is darker than average. The tunic is of an older style with larger buttons and thicker piping, certainly well before 1900. Right arm has proficiency stripe for lance fencing.

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Shoulder detail with hand embroidered regimental number and shoulder button of 3. Eskadron, lowest rank of private, Dragoner

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Swedish cuffs, as worn by all Dragoon regiments, facing and button colour varied according to regiment. Regiments 13, 14, 15 and 16 all had white piped collar and cuffs to distinguish them from the older regiments.

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Rear skirting detail and waist buttons.

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1. Großherzoglich Mecklenburgisches Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 17

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A matching pair of shoulder straps for 1. Württembergisches Dragoner-Regiment Königin Olga Nr. 25
Large format, backing in grey serge (steingrau) with retaining lashes, most likely for the greatcoat. Slight moth damage to one crown, and some reddish staining. The regiment was based at Cannstatt, near Stuttgart.

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A matching pair of shoulder straps for other ranks and n.c.o. of
Dragoner-Regiment König (2. Württembergisches) No. 26

Commander in Chief: König Wilhelm II. von Württemberg, K.H.

Garrison: Cannstatt bei Stuttgart.

Regiment was raised in December 1805. It's last title was given 0n 23rd December 1891

The uniform was light blue with yellow facings and white metal buttons. A dragoon helmet with Württemberg emblem and cockade was worn, for parades with a black horsehair plume. The shoulder strap bore the monogram of König Wilhelm II. of Württemberg.

The regiment took part in frontier skirmishes on 20th August 1914 in Lothringen (Lorraine). In September it was moved to Northern France for the encirclement of the left flank of the enemy, reaching Compiègne, just 65 km from Paris. End of October the regiment took part in fighting at Lille and Ypres. On 15th November the regiment was again sent to Lorraine.

As from January 1915 the regiment stood in the Vosges. As from October 1915 till October 1916 it stood at the border between Belgium and Holland. Thereafter being sent to Roumania in a mobile cavalry role, where it took part in fighting under difficult climatic conditions in the Vulcan Mountains, reaching Kronstadt in January 1917. On the 27th January it was again sent to the West, arriving in Belgium in February 1917. The horses were at first withdrawn from the regiment and again finally at the end of 1917. The regiment was re-trained as infantry in the Vosges and placed under the command of a cavalry division. and finally renamed Dragoner-Bataillon 26/41

As from August 1918 it took part in the great defensive battles in the West. On the 30th October 1918 the remains of the regiment were withdrawn from the front and removed to Alsace untill the end of the war.

The march home begann on the 12th November 1918, the last Königs-Dragoner entered Cannstatt and were warmly welcomed. Not everywhere were the troops welcomed - they were often shot at, attacked or insulted by civilians.

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Kolpak, red, and Fangschnur für a Busby, Husaren. To the underside of the Kolpak is an unclear stamp, '11', presumably Husaren-Regt. 11 in Krefeld

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Schärpe (barrel sash) for NCOs and other ranks, Husaren

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Leib-Garde-Husaren-Regiment, raised in 1815, based in Potsdam.

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Husaren-Regiment von Zieten (Brandenburgisches) No. 3, based in Rathenow

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Example of an other ranks' Säbeltasche M.1853 with gilt brass crowned monogram, probably private purchase,
similar to official issue, no marks or stamps.
As worn by regiments 4, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. The remaining regiments wore a silver emblem.

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Husaren-Regiment Königin Wilhelmina der Niederlande (Hannoversches) Nr.15, Wandsbek

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Bandelier and Kartuschkasten with crowned FWR monogram. The bandelier is backed in blue uniform cloth as per the Attila, with silver brocade and silver plated fittings. Worn from the left shoulder to the right hip - the buckle to the rear.

 

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Husaren-Regiment Kaiser Nikolaus von Russland (1. Westfälisches) No.8, based in Paderborn.

Säbeltasche, red saffian leather, Russian blue cloth face, silver braid, the three leather hangers are missing, the attachment rings remaining. Some old moth damage and repairs.
Signs of age and service.
This item belonged to Ernst Schöningh,
Leutnant der Reserve, who later served in Husaren-Regiment 15 in Wandsbek.
Under the flap is a visiting card:

Ernst Schöningh,
Leutnant der Reserve im Husaren-Regiment Kaiser Nikolaus von Rußland (1.Westf.) No.8
Haus Buchenhof
Post Nordburchen i. Westf.
b.Paderborn

Ernst Schöningh was related to the family who ran the traditional publishers firm, Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh, Paderborn - He was wounded on 1. September 1914 and died in the hospital of the Sisters of Our Lady of Mercy in Compiègne on 14. September 1914. Ferdinand Schöningh fell in the Spring of 1915

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Peaked field cap for an officer or Wachtmeister of the Reserve in Kurhessisches Husaren-Regiment No.14, based in Kassel.
Dark blue top, red band and crown piped in white. Vulcanised peak with some aging to lacquer. Medium blue cotton lining with silver embossed maker mark: A. Schröder in Emsdetten. Flat silvered cockades with the silver Landwehr cross on Prussian cockade in officer style. Top condition, hardly worn. Field cap or service cap as worn about 1913/14 for peacetime uniform. The Uniform of the regiment was a dark blue braided Atilla tunic, with white lace, silver buttons. The fur cap bore a white metal scroll and a red Kolpak. This Regiment was raised after 1867 as a provincial regiment.

Purchased from a fleamarket dealer in Berlin, 2003

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Säbeltasche, yellow cloth, silver braid, red maroquin leather, hangers of patent leather with fire-gilded bronze fittings, in need of some restoration, yellow cloth is faded, the braid has at some time been overpainted with silverbronze, which requires carefull removal

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Emblem for Säbeltasche, other ranks and NCOs

 

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An officer Säbeltasche (sabretâche) for various Hussar regiments, this example being with a red cloth face and silver braid, which pattern was worn by Husaren-Regt. 1, 3, 13 and 14. This pattern had been unchanged since about 1850. The back and edges were of fine red maroquin leather, the face is of bright red cloth, three sides are edged in broad silver braid, with a thin outer line of silver Russia Braid (Plattschnur), the monogram FWR and crown also in a narrower silver braid. It is suspended on three patent leather hangers, each with a gilded double lion head buckle in fire-gilded bronze. Under the front flap was a very narrow pocket, just enough for a document. The sabretâche could also be worn with a protective black waxcloth cover, and otherwise was not always worn, only for certain duties and for important occasions, as these were items expensive to acquire and had to be paid out of the officer's own private means, as was his entire uniform and equipment

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Helmet plate for officer, normally too large for Ulanen
Helmet plate for other ranks, Reserve or Landwehr-Ulanen

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Ulanen-Regiment Kaiser Alexander III. von Russland (Westpreuß.) Nr. 1, Ostrowo/Militsch. Shoulder strap in extra quality for greatcoat or Überrock and shoulder pieces 1914/16 for Leutnant

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Epaulettes, other ranks, Ulanen-Regt. Kaiser Alexander III. v. Russland (Westpreuß.) Nr. 1, 4. Esk., ca. 1900. White cloth fields have been renewed.

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Rabatt for Tschapka, Ulanen-Regiment 3, 7, 15, also 3. Garde-Ulanen-Regt., older type, 1867 - ca. 1895

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Cap and Passgurt for Ulanen-Regiment 11 or 15, older examples

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A pair of epaulettes for other ranks, Ulanen-Regiment 15, 1. Eskadron, silver fittings, one button has been replaced.

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Rabatt for Tschapka, light blue for Ulanen-Regiment 4,8, 12 and 16. An older example from 1867 to ca. 1895

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Fangschnur (cap lines) for Unteroffizier, Ulanen

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Fangschnur for other ranks, Ulanen

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Passgurt for Ulanen. With regimental stamp: U.19 and size 68. Red and blue uniform cloth, dark blue starched cotton lining.

 

 

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  • Fritz changed the title to Cavalry Uniforms, 1871 - 1918
  • 3 months later...

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Kartuschkasten for officers, Garde-Kavallerie Regiments. Star of the Black Eagle Order

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Kartuschkasten, pattern worn only by Leibhusaren-Regiments 1 and 2 and by the Regiment Garde du Corps. Silver Gardestern was worn only by these regiments

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Bandelier, worn by most cavalry regiments

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Gardestern worn by the remaining cavalry regiments of the Garde and the Garde-Feldartillerie

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Kartuschkasten for Prussian officers. The Bandelier only for certain regiments with silver fittings and a dark blue backing.

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Prussia, Kartuschkasten for other ranks, Feldartillerie, private purchase example with fine fire-gilding.

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Württemberg, Kartuschkasten for officers, Dragoner-Regiment 25, Ulanen-Regiment 19, Feldartillerie and Train.

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Saxony, Kartuschkasten for officers, Feldartillerie and Train.

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New items added, see beginning of post for more details

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