Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
Fritz

Grossherzogtum Hessen-Darmstadt, Decorations

Recommended Posts

Felddienstauszeichnung (Campaign Medal), 1840-1866, made of cannon bronze. The obverse bears the crowned L Monogram of Ludwig III. of Hessen-Darmstadt within a wreath of laurel to the left and oakleaves to the right and over the inscription: GESTIFTET AM 14. IUNI 1840 (obsolete style of Latin inscription), the date of its inauguration. Reverse with inscription "Für Treuen Dienst im Kriege" within a wreath of oak leaves. Awarded for service in one of the campaigns, either 1848/49, 1864 or 1866 for the last time.

Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen für Tapferkeit, (General Service Medal for Valour) Silver, 1893-1918.   Bust of Ernst Ludwig II., Großherzog von Hessen. Reverse has the inscription "Für Tapferkeit" within a wreath of laurel and oak leaves. There were several variations of this medal with differing inscriptions, this being the most frequently found.

Militär-Sanitäts-Kreuz, 1914 Copper bronze. First awarded in 1870, the inscription,  Für Pflege der Soldaten 1914, for care of the soldiers, reverse bears the date "Den 25 ten August 1870" (no longer written in this style) and the crowned monogram of Ludwig III. The style of the cross could be described as "Victorian Gothic".  It was awarded to civil and military medical personnel for the care of the wounded and sick.

Ehrenzeichen für Kriegsfürsorge  1916-18, for assisting war aid

Kriegsehrenzeichen 1916-18 (for distinguished service in war) Could be awarded to both military and civil personnel on the home front. small copper bronze disc,  obverse with the crowned monogram of Ernst Ludwig II of Hessen-Darmstadt. The reverse has a narrow laurel wreath around the inscription "Kriegs Ehren-Zeichen"   Not to be confused with the "Ehrenzeichen für Kriegsfürsorge", which was identical, apart from the inscription.

All shown on modern replacement ribbons, apart from the trifold Austrian style ribbon, which is an old original. The Sanitätskreuz had a ribbon woven in silver metallic thread, which has been very well copied. Original decorations from the small state of Hessen-Darmstadt are quite rare and usually turn up without a ribbon. The most commonly found decoration is probably the silver General Service Decoration, which is still reasonably priced.

The Hessen-Darmstadt contingent was a part of the XVIII Armee Korps (Frankfurt/M.). In peacetime it held 5 infantry regiments, 2 Dragoon regiments and 2 artillery regiments.

 

image.thumb.png.d813b6d3cea37df4c2d030c3415d507e.png

 

image.thumb.png.6efb7838c1a3d63ba0aae7501ec1e293.png

Felddienstauszeichnung (1840), bronze, as awarded 1866, modern replacement ribbon
Militär-Sanitätskreuz 1914, bronze, modern replacement ribbon
Ehrenzeichen für Kriegsfürsorge, bronze, original ribbon
Kriegsehrenzeichen, bronze, replacement ribbon

image.thumb.png.61b8b68800a43d81a3fed44365001d89.png

 

image.thumb.png.622c638ac1f36ba5966766e2a671ea08.png

Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen für Tapferkeit, silver, 3 examples, first two on original ribbons
Hessen-Darmstadt, ribbon for an unspecified decoration

 

image.thumb.png.cfdaa27c3b78980ba328715ae4ba3ec9.png

Award document for the silver medal to Gefreiter d. Landsturms Anton Voggesberger of 4. Komp., Ersatz Bataillon, - Königin-Elisabeth-Garde-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 3.  Voggenberger was probably a Hessian serving with a non-Hessian regiment. Dated June 1917

 

 

  • Like 4

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

A medal from 1916. Up till now this has not been mentioned in any publications as far as I know. It is said to have been given as a commemorative award to the Hessian troops on Christmas Eve, 24.December 1916 by the Grand Duke and Grandduchess Ernst Ludwig and Eleonora. It could also have been awarded to members of the Court. The medal is made of wartime zinc and of very plain design. Missing is the attachment ring. Most of these items turning up recently, one on an oval ring with a ladies bow, a narrow, half pale blue half white ribbon, proving that it was not only awarded to the troops. Apparently unresearched and remaining a mystery till present.

Hessen-1916.jpg

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Some improved pictures and a further decoration:

image.thumb.png.001cc40f87d1783a436866ed1557c6fb.png

image.thumb.png.e0562e699c5bcc0b9b1d4d06e25af8ca.png

 

100_5303.JPG

Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen, 3 similar examples in good silver. In the latter war years, the silver content was reduced, later examples were of silvered brass or zinc with a thin silver coating

100_5304.JPG

100_5305.JPG

Two very similar decorations
Ehrenzeichen für Kriegsfürsorge and
Kriegsehrenzeichen, latter on not very accurate copy ribbon

  • Like 3

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

image.thumb.png.95f6c5a608a486ee60e1d1a54f5a8123.png

 

image.thumb.png.edcf7bce00bdc6eb15ba08ae2a0b366e.png

 

  • Like 3

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Krieger-Ehrenzeichen 1917. Wreath iron, monogram in zink.
Introduced by Ernst Ludwig on March 13. 1917, on the occasion of his 25th Throne Jubilee, for all Hessian soldiers, who were in posession of the Iron Cross 2nd class, the Hessian Silver Bravery Medal and wounded at least once. The decoration has a very old repair and has been neatly soldered with tin or zinc in two places, above and below pin. Worn on the left breast, below the EK I, if entitled.

image.thumb.png.330fa4e619e73097b76111a8eed276f9.png

image.thumb.png.da88ef56978fb52acd7a9166504457b6.png

 

  • Like 3

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Are the award certificates easy to find? Just curious as WW1 US medal certificates are extremely hard to come by. 

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

They are not as frequently found as the decorations, as many have either got lost or destroyed, or are in poor condition.

  • Like 3

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Sign in to follow this  

×
×
  • Create New...