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Historical Museum in Wandsbek (Heimatmuseum)

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All of the regimental Commanders from 1866 till 1919. This presentation was made by Hans Werner Faerber, my predecessor, a former Oberstleutnant of the (Bundes-) Luftwaffe. It is intended to make more detailed copies of these individual portraits, which are also in demand by other museums.

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The regimental Commanders, chronological list:

1866 - 1867, 1870 - 1871, Bernhard Rudolf Dietrich von Cosel
1867 - 1870,  Ernst Friedrich Carl von Unger
1871 - 1872,  Fedor Hugo Oswald von Grodzki
1872 - 1881,  Rudolf Johann Gottfried von Schadow-Godenhausen
1881 - 1888,  Friedrich Carl Gerhard von Pelet-Narbonne
1888 - 1891,  Karl Theodor Wilhelm Freiherr Geyer von Schweppenburg
1891 - 1894,  August Eduard Julius von Huth
1894 - 1898,  Eugen Rudolf Ernst von Hirschfeld
1898 - 1902,  Fritz Freiherr von Diepenbroik-Grüter
1902 - 1907,  Wedig Otto Rudolph von Zitzewitz
1907 - 1909, von Schuckmann
1909 - 1913,  Udo von Selchow
1913 - 1914,  Andreas Eduard Freiherr von Hoverbeck, gen. von Schönaich
1914 - 1919, Hans-Joachim von Zieten

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Museums photos
Husar Otto Ohlen in fieldgrey uniform. He has been equipped for the front line with entrenching tool as the infantry, early photo around 1914 or 1915.

Prewar photos of Husars on guard duty outside the barracks in Marienthal

 

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List compiled by Museum staff about 25 years ago . This contains over 400 names of members of the regiment. The numbers attached to the names refer to picture in possession of the Museum, AB = Album in possession of the Museum.

 

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Walter Gropius, Architekt served with Husaren-Regiment 15 as Einjährig-Freiwilliger as from 1904.

 

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A Photo during WW1 in the new 1915 Bluse, which was not widely distributed throughout the cavalry.

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Gropius in later years

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Actor Jörg Hartmann (Tatort-Commissar) plays the part of Gropius in a new film
(Photo: Brandenburger Köpfe)

 

Curriculum - short biobraphy of Walter Gropius:

Walter Gropius, Architekt

1883  18.Mai geboren in Berlin

1903 Immatrikulation Technische Hochschule München, Sommer Volontariat Büro Solf & Wichards

1904 Militärdienst als Einjährig-Freiwilliger im Husaren Regiment Nr.15 Hamburg

1905-1907 studiert er an der Technischen Hochschule in Berlin-Charlottenburg, ohne Abschluss

1908 arbeitet zusammen mit Ludwig Mies van der Rohe im Architekturbüro von Peter Behrens

1910 April Gründet sein eigenes Architekturbüro in Berlin, Partnerschaft mit Adolf Mayer

1911 Bau Fagus-Werks in Alfeld

1919 Berufung nach Weimar, Leiter der Kunsthochschule Staatliches Bauhaus

1925 Entwurf des neuen Bauhausgebäudes

1926 Einweihungsfeier, Bau der Meisterhäuser in Dessau

1928 verlässt Dessau und zieht nach Berlin aufgrund der Nationalsozialisten

1929-31 Bau der Siemenstadt Großsiedlung in Berlin Spandau

1934-37 Architekturbüro mit Maxwell Fry in London

1937-52 Professor und Leiter an der Harvard Universität für die Architekturabteilung

1947 Hält in Berlin einen Vortrag über „Planen und Bauen in Amerika“

1953 Ehrendoktor der Künste Harvard University, Architketurpreis „Premio Matarazzo“, São Paulo

1959 Gropius und Frau schenken dem Busch-Reisinger-Museum der Harvard University das Archivmaterial

1963 Gründung des Ateliers TAC Inc.auch in Italien, Nahost und Afrika

1968 5. Mai Eröffnung der Ausstellung „50Jahre Bauhaus“ in Stuttgart

1969 5. Juli gestorben in Boston, USA

 

Wichtige Bücher / Important works, Texte

 

Gründungs-Manifest zum Staatlichen Bauhaus W.G. Architektur. FfM 1956

 

Weiterführende Literatur / Further literature

 

Walter Gropius  -Band.1 Der Architekt und Theoretiker Werkverzeichnis 1

– Band 2 Der Architekt und Pädagoge Werkverzeichnis 2

– Band 3 Ausgewählte Schriften, Hartmut Probst; Christian Schädlich, Verlag für Bauwesen, Berlin 1986

Gropius, Paul Sigel, Gilbert Lupfer,Verlag Taschen, 6. Auflage 2004

Bauhaus,1919-1933, Bauhaus Archiv magdalena Droste, Verlag Taschen 2006

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A newspaper cutting from 16. September 1965 with a brief history of the Wandsbeker Husaren, much more detailed than more recent articles.

 

 

 

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Wandsbek Informativ, January 2018

A visitor brought in to the Museum just over 3 weeks ago an original example of an Alsen Kreuz 1864 and a collection of portraits of soldiers of Husaren.Regt.15
which he offered to us for 90 Euro and 120 Euro resp. The Alsen Kreuz is missing it's ribbon, and original ribbons of this age are very hard an expensive  to find.

The cross is of tombak bronze and is similar to the other campaign crosses of 1864 and 1866. The reverse bears the portrait of König Wilhelm (I.), and the avers shows in the central medaillion a boat symbolising the crossing of the Alsen-Sund on 29.6.1864, above which is a flying eagle. The arms of the cross bear the inscription ALSEN 29. JUN. 1864.  After the Battle of Düppel, the crossing at Alsen was to begin the march to Copenhagen, which never took place, as Denmark sued for peace. A replacement ribbon will be required for this decoration.

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With the collection of small portraits together was this large framed group. Records in the Museum show that the Speisewirtschaft J. Zahn (a restaurant) was in Wandsbek,  Wasserstieg 2/5, Parterre, as per the Wandsbeker Adressbuch of 1909.  A group of Reservists of the 2. Eskadron, H.R.15 in the photo have not been identified, photo taken between 1911 and 1914. The Sergeant or Vizewachtmeister in the centre of the group is possibly Karl Kähler. Almost the entire street was destroyed in July 1943.

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Rencently discovered in the Museum's archive, 2 photos (copies) of Soldiers of Magdeburgisches Dragoner-Regiment 6, based at the time at Diedenhofen, Lothringen
Nicolaus Georg Harry Gerckens, born in Hamburg,  9.2.1877, served from 1898 till 1901. Died in Wandsbek, 29.7.1949.
A hand coloured photo and a further black and white or sepia photo as a group, Gerckens with broom is on the left, as stated, another soldier has an injured arm in the photo, probably from a riding accident!

 

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Oberstabsarzt Dr. Friedheim, H.R.15, 1900-1906   ----------   Oberstabsarzt Dr. Neuburger, 1906-1911 (?)

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Königin Wilhelmina der Niederlande, Regimentschefin seit 1898

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Wacthtmeister Dümichen, 4. Januar 1909, presented to a friend ---- Photo with a Unteroffizier Dragoon and 1. Garde-Feldartillerie, Berlin, 16. Okt.1904

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2 portraits of an Unteroffizier, not identified.

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and last, but not least, one item for the Museum has been published in the January edition of Wandsbek Informative.
The discription is rather meagre and not the text I originally handed in.

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another photo discovered, unfortunately only a photocopy in the archive, but worth
listing, Hermann Wilhelm Külsen, (Gefreiter) served 1901-1904 according to the source it came from.

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Two interesting photos, again unfortunately only photocopies, but give a bit of information.
Carl Eberhardt of Ersatz-Eskadron, Dragoner-Regiment 9, normally this regiment was based in Alsace-Lorraine, but for some
reason the Ersatz-Esk. was sent to Wandsbek, presumably to be integrated into H.R.15. Interestingly enough, he is wearing on guard duty the old pattern greatcoat in darker cloth, white collar patches. There were not enough helmets to go around, so has been issued with an infantry helmet, this also happened in the wars of 1866 and 1870/71. The sword is also of an older pattern, either M.1852 or possibly the French M.1822 sabre.
A postcard was sent to his wife in Altona on 8.March 1916.

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Stephan Werber, 13.9.1880 - 1916, Reserve- (Husaren-) Regiment 6 - this was raised in Wandsbek by the parent regiment H.R.15, but was later dissolved in 1916. In the picture the uniform is probably from Dragoner-Regiment 9, an Ersatz.Schwadron of which was given to H.R.15 - brief handwritten details in following illustration / Text.

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An extract from a biography concerning the military service of Ernst Bove, Unteroffizier. This is from an unknown source, which we received as a photo copy.
Unfortunately no photos as backup. Ernst (Erni) Bove cam from a wealthy family living in Hamburg near the Alster. Ernst Bove was priveleged and served as Unteroffizier before the War, most likely as Einjährig-Freiwilliger Unteroffizier. A good sense of humour and fairness was also prevailant at the time.

Gern wird eine Begebenheit aus der Zeit kurz vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg erzählt: Erni Bove übte einige Wochen als Unteroffizier in der Wandsbeker Kaserne. An einem Sonnabend war er Wachhabender, mußte also seine 24 Stunden im Wachlokal absitzen. Er wollte aber lieber die Nacht bei seiner hübschen, jungen Frau in der schicken Parterre-Wohnung in der Overbekstraße auf der Uhlenhorst verbringen.     Leicht fand sich ein geldknapper Unteroffizier, der sich gegen eine entsprechende Summe nur zu gern bereit erklärte, die nächtliche Wache Erni abzunehmen, ein selbstverständlich streng  verbotenes Wachvergehen. Ds Unglück wollte, daß ausgerechnet in dieser Nacht der Schwadronschef, der Rittmeister von X., nach froh durchzechtem Kasinoabend in ewas weinseliger Stimmung die Wachstube morgens um 1/2 5 kontrollierte, sofort merkte, was los war, alles wecken und die ganze Schwadron in Paradeuniform zu Pferde antreten ließ, sich auf seinem Schimmel an die Spitze setzte und in Richtung Hamburg Uhlenhorst abrückte. Dieser Rittmeister - das muß man wissen - war privat mit Erni Bove befreundet und wollte ihm einmal einen Schabernack spielen. Vor dem Verlassen der Kaserne hatte er dem diensttuenden Wachhabende noch zugerufen: „Den Bove, den werden wir uns jetzt einmal holen.“  Gottlob rief der clevere Unteroffizier sofort in der Overbeckstraße an. Erni Bove erkannte die Situation schlagartig und meisterte sie. Alles wurde zum würdigen Empfang der etwa 120 Husaren mit ihrem Rittmeister und drei Leutnanten in windeseile vorbereitet. Im großen Wohnzimmer wurde vom Mädchen alles Erforderliche für ein üppiges Sektfrühstück für die Offiziere hergerichtet. Überall standen Sektkühler mit Champagner, Kaviar auf Eis, Toast, Cigarren, Cigaretten usw. Usw. Ein benachbarter Kolonialwarenhändler lieferte schnellstens (man bedenke: es ist Sonntag Morgen um 1/2 6 einige Fässer Bier, die draußen auf dem Fußweg neben eilig aufgestellten Tischen mit Gläsern und Bergen von hilfreichen Händen gestrichener Wurst-, Schinken- und Käsebrote angezapt wurden. Währenddessen trappelten fast 500 Hufe durch die schlafenden Stadtteile Eilbeck und Uhlenhorst; die Einwohner der Wandsbeker Chaussee, des Mühlendamms und der anderen Straßen stürzten aus ihrer Sonntagsruhe aufgeschreckt wegen des unbekannten Lärms an die Fenster. Als die Husarenschwadron in ihren Schmucken, bunten Uniformen mit Pelzmütze und Attila in die Overbeckstraße eingebogen war und vor der Boveschen Wohnung ihre Paradeaufstellung einnahm, trat der Unteroffizier der Reserve Bove in Galauniform mit seiner Frau auf die Terrasse hinaus, meldete strahlend dem verblüfften Rittmeister, daß alles zum Empfang und Imbiß niemand mehr dienstlich oder gar böse sei... es gab ein rauschendes Fest, und als zwei Stunden später alle gemeinsam wieder in ihre Kaserne abrückten, sollen die Wandsbeker Husaren fröhliche Lieder durch den Sonntag-Morgen geschmettert haben. So etwas war nur vor 1914... und nur bei Ernst Bove möglich.

Ein befreundeter Bankdirektor aus der Overbeckstraße rief den Morgen bei meinem Vater an und fragte: „Was ist nur bei Ihrem Schwager Bove los?  Hier ist ein reines Feldlager auf der Straße. Alles ißt, trinkt und singt.“

 

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Some images received from Holland

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Fritz Rechberg, Oberleutnant der Reserve. Uniform before 1899.
His brother, Arnold Rechberg also served in the regiment.

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Fritz Ohlendorf, Trompeter, 1906

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Trompeterkorps, Ohlendorf marked with "arrow". He has a Tuba as an instrument.

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Photo was sent as a postcard from Lockstedter Lager to Frau Frieda Ohlendorf, Ferdinandstraße 4 in Wandsbek
with text: Trompeter Korps des Husaren-Rgts. 15 im Lockstedter Lager (Holstein) 1910.

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Some original postcards of Hindenburg depicting him at various stages of his career, from Kadett at Wahlstatt to Generalfeldmarschall

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As a Kadett in Walstatt / Schlesien, 1860                                                                        Kadett-Selektaner, Berlin, 1865 (HKA Lichterfelde)

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Seconde-Lieutenant, 3. Garde Regiment zu Fuss, 1866                                                 Hauptmann im Generalstab, Stettin, 1878

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Oberst u. Kommandeur, Inf.-Regt. 91, Oldenburg                                                  Generalmajor u. Chef d. Generalstabes d. VIII. A.K., Coblenz

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"Schwer ist die Zeit, aber sicher ist der Sieg".
General-Feldmarschall u. Chef des Generalstabes im jetztigen Krieg, 30.7.1917

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Copy of an old photo of the helmet worn by Hindenburg at the battle of Königsgrätz
on 3. July 1866. Hindenburg fought on wearing a peaked cap over his bandaged head wound.
Unknown whether this historic helmet has survived till today.

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List of of members of Kameradschaft ehemaliger 15er Husaren, Bundesnachricht Nr. 24 / 1935

 

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An unusual item of equipment, kindly donated by a gentleman in Holland.

Said to be a Futtersack for horses, attributed to Rittmeister von Ernst, name is clearly printed or stencilled to one side. Heavy natural brown cotton canvas material, the bottom has a carrying loop to each side and the top has a row of brass rivetted (similar to Zeltbahnringe) rings for a closing cord. Some staining and use marks, otherwise very good condition and with no damage. It resembles closely the Seesack / Kleidersack, which was issued to Wehrmacht personnel for their clothing and equipment, but considerably larger.

Rittmeister Joachim von Ernst
1914 - Oberleutnant, kommandiert zur Dienstleistung beim Auswärtigen Amt
6. August 1914, Mouland, Belgium, Kommando Ergänzungstransport
11. November 1914: Regimentsstab, Führer Große Bagage
1926, Rittmeister d. Res. außer Dienst

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von Ernst, earlier photo as Leutnant, 1911. From 27.1.1912, Oberleutnant, later Rittmeister der Reserve a.D.

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The helmet purchased for the Museum  last year has finally been published in the
latest edition of WANDSBEK INFORMATIV, February 2019

 

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A Wandsbek book by Alfred Pohlmann, published by Heinevetter in 1975 from the museum's collection. Formerly belonged to Husar Hans Dose. Various photos and news cuttings of interest have been pasted in by the owner.

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A large format possibly contemporary water colour scene. The uniforms are of the older variety, the KS 1852 was still in use till around 1892.

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A further uniform detail in improved quality.

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The March edition of WANDSBEK INFORMATIV presents the Prussian 1866 Faschinenmesser,
acquired for the Museum last year.

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New to the Museums WW1 medals collection:
Hessen-Darmstadt, Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen für Tapferkeit
Silver, on replacement ribbon

 

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Bullets found on the battlefield at Wörth (fought on 6.August 1870)
Bavaria, 2x for M.1859 Gewehr
Prussia, Zündnadelgewehr
France, Chassepot, M.1866
A donation to the Museum on 12.March 2019

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Danish soldier Asmus Friedrich Tonn from Wandsbek, born 1836,
supposedly of the Danish Artillrey, thought to be around 1857, an early Daguerrotype photo, handcoloured,
gilded highlights. Similar appearance of Danish soldiers of the war of 1864. Original frame restored.

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A copy of a photo of Husar Eilert Ahlers, recently given by a visitor, pre 1897.

 

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