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Historical Museum in Wandsbek (Heimatmuseum)


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Some more new items for the Museum:

Some spare buttons, 17mm copper gilt shoulder buttons, type 1, convex, type 2, flatter
Copper gilt button, 24mm, flat type for officers greatcoat and Überrock.

Sachsen-Meiningen, war medal 1914/15*, later type in zinc (Kriegsmetall) 1917/18 on short length of original ribbon

Sachsen-Altenburg, war medal 1914, later type in zinc with remains of bronze finish, 1917/18 on replacement ribbon
and with some slight oxidation on one side.

*Unteroffizier Karl Weyh from Wasungen, 4. Eskadron / H.R.15 and right hand man of Rittmeister von Hanstein, received
this award on 8. October 1915. Copies of some of his records are held in the museum. He later settled in Bremen.

These medals were made of good bronze till late 1917, thereafter in zinc. It is known that the early bronze medals of Sachsen-Meiningen were
made made by Werner & Söhne in Berlin, thereafter in zinc by Christian Lauer in Nürnberg.






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The 1870/71 campaign bars are now beginning to look as they should



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  • 3 weeks later...




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Latest items for the Museum:

an original medal set for the wars of 1864 till 1871
Düppeler Sturmkreuz (decoration missing)
Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71
Erinnerungskreuz 1866, "Treuen Kriegern"*
Kriegsdenkmünze 1864 (war with Denmark)
Kaiser Wilhelm Gedächtnismedaille 1897

Original mounting, the first decoration missing, a very historical set, have seen much wear and some polishing, the last medal
has worn down quite a bit, the red cloth backing has some considerable moth damage. This set of decorations was probably worn
and regularly polished for at least 30 - 60 years. Due to the first missing decoration, the price was quite reasonable.

Bayonet (Seitengewehr, aufpflanzbar) M.1871. The scabbard is missing, showing some wear and much pitting to the blade, which
has been de-rusted. Is marked "W" over 74 for 1874, Solingen maker only partly legible, most likely Weyersberg.
The underside of the crossguard is marked:
82.R.10.115 meaning, Infanterie-Regiment 82, 10. Kompagnie, weapon No. 115
This bayonet fitted the M.71, M.71/84 and M.88 rifles. They were also reactivated in 1914 for use with Landsturm etc.
Discovered at a bargain price due to condition, but can be improved on.

*There were four variations of this decoration:
Battle of Königgrätz, 3. Juli 1866
Treuen Kriegern (as depicted)
and for non-combattants on a different ribbon (Für Pflichttreue im Kriege), latter of a lighter bronze







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  • 2 weeks later...

A visitor to the Museum today brought something special for our collections. An original example of the Erinnerungskreuz für die Schleswig-Holsteinische Armee 1848/49 - campaign cross for the Schleswig-Holstein Army, 1848/49. These were awarded on 2. July 1850 by the provisional government, and were made of iron cast from the wreck of the captured Danish ship, "Christian VIII.", which was destroyed on 5. April 1849 by shore batteries of Prussian and Nassau artillery at Eckernförde. 
A price was agreed on, and the decoration has now been placed in the Museum's collection of that period. Here is an example of that decoration. The short length of worn ribbon is in the colours of Schleswig-Holstein, blue, white and red.


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Just arrived today - a nice Prussian Infantry Officer's helmet, circa 1914 for the Museum.
Condition as seen, liner is very clean, but has some rodent damage to the leather sweatband, which was the reason this was for a good price.
The emblem has apparently been replaced at some stage due to possible battle damage, which is slightly noticeable to the leather behind,
this emblem also shows a bit of wear, rubbing and some patches of darkening on the raised areas, most of the original gilt still present. Altogether in a
very reasonable state, no warping of the rear peaks or skull.
This helmet type was worn by following Prussian line regiments:

J.R. 13 - 32, 33 (except for 5. and 6. Comp.)
35 - 72
75 - 76, 79 - 86
96, I.Btl. and 97 - 99
128 - 132, 135 - 138, 140
141, 143 - 152
153, III.Btl., 154 - 163
166, 167 and 171 - 176





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  • 2 weeks later...

A reference written for Gefreiter W. Ott of the Freiwilligen-Eskadron by former Rittmeister Braune, Bremen, 2. August 1920 (older photocopy given to the museum) He was given a very good reference indeed.


Bremen, d. 2. August 1920. II

Gefreiter W. Ott war nach Beendigung des Krieges

In der mir unterstellten Eskadron erster Schreiber

und hat sich als solcher durch seinen unermüdlichen

Fleiß, seine Selbstständigkeit*und absoluter Zuver-

läßigkeit ganz besonders ausgezeichnet. Bei Hervorrangenden

Charaktereigenschaften und klarem Kopf leistete er weit

über den Durchschnitt und war mir in den schwierigsten

Zeiten eine unersetzbare Stütze. Man konnte ihm

alles anvertrauen, - es war bei Ott in besten Händen.

Dank seines geraden, offenen, schlichten Wesens und seines

hohen Taktgefühls verstand er immer das Richtige zu

leisten und war daselbst bei Vorgesetzten und Kamera-

den gleich beliebt.  Ott wird jeden Posten, auf den er

Gestellt wird in der Vollendung ausfüllen, dafür bürgt

sein über jedes Lob erhabener Charakater, sein Fleiß,

seine Ernsthaftigkeit und sein Wille.


Rittmeister a.D.

* old spelling, "Selbständigkeit" is now written with only one "st"



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An undated photo with no text, a later copy from the photo studio. Shown are different types of uniform worn by nco's of Husaren-Regt.15. One is wearing the old pattern dark grey mantel, two are wearing the grey Litewka, three are wearing the peacetime coloured peaked cap, the man in the centre is wearing a fieldgrey cap with the peacetime coloured uniform. In the background are various huts, stores or workshops. Probably a midwar snap. The same or nearby location one hundred years later.



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  • 2 weeks later...

Two more decorations, just arrived today
Baden, Silberne Verdienstmedaille, pure silver, on correct original hanger fitting, ribbon missing. The averse bears the portrait of Großherzog Friedrich II. von Baden, the reverse in block letters, the inscription FÜR VERDIENST, within an oak wreath. This early example made by the Münze (official mint) in Karlsruhe,
later examples were made of silver-coated bronze, thereafter, zinc wth a layer of silber by B.H. Mayers Kunstprägeanstalt, Pforzheim. A replacement ribbon will be next on the agenda. The medal shows light wear, knocks and abuse, esp. just before the 12 o'clock position.

Mecklenburg-Strelitz: Kreuz für Auszeichnung im Krieg 1914, 2.class, an exceptional pure silver example of a rare
decoration by Godet in Berlin. The centre has the crowned monogram AF for Großherzog Adolf Friedrich VI., the reverse bears the inscription
Tapfer und treu. There is a G stamped in the ring. Beautiful, untouched, uncleaned condition on a long
original ribbon, the ends  of which look as though it has been confectioned for neck-wear. As from 1916 due to silver shortages,
these decorations were produced in silver-plated copper, later in zinc. N.B.: The colour of the ribbon is pale blue and not
white, as in the photo. This is such a nice unique example, that I have decided to withdraw it.

Last photo shows a later production, 1916-18, silver-plated copper, clearly seen where the plating has worn off, this example was
purchased in an old shop in Altona, long since gone, around 1978.







(Private collection)


(Private collection)

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Went all the way into the city just to get an original replacement ribbon for the Baden Medal.
Don't like things being left incomplete or in a state of disrepair.



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An unexpected find at the Antiques Market in Wandsbek Quarrée today. An elderly gentleman had just purchased a great stack of old bayonets, must have been a good dozen pieces, all foreign, and all early 20th Century and was offering all for the splendid price of 50 Euros a piece. There was a great diversity, some of which I recognised, but not sure of the origin. They had all lain for many years in a damp and dirty cellar, but most of them were in a cleanable and restorable condition and complete with their scabbards, there were two French Berthier carbine bayonets, one first type, the other the 1916 model, one of which had great damage to woodwork, which had rotted with dampness. There was a long, I think, Portuguese Steyr-Kropatschek in reasonable condition, there was a Czech or Belgian long  Mauser type, an Austrian M.95, etc. I picked out two, which would be interesting for the Museum and got these for 45 a piece, in all 90. A French Lebel M.86/93 bayonet with silver grips and hooked quillion, scabbard looks painted over, with some slight pitting in places, scabbard throat slightly loose and the rivet holding it also. Quillion has some slight pitting, overall dirt and much dust, cleanable, cruciform blade is stained, darkened but generally rustfree, ordonance number on quillion, the catch has jammed through corrosion, but can be freed.

A Lee Enfield No. 1 Mk. III bayonet complete with scabbard, dirty, dusty, with staining and light corrosion in places, the woodwork has suffered slightly, but can be restored a little. Scabbard fittings have much of original field green paint. Makers name and stamps still clearly visible, looks like Wilkinson at first glance, leather scabbard still quite firm and with a stamped W to the reverse, which I have never seen before, no idea of significance. Anyone know this?   This could be a WW1 or WW2 capture, the French bayonet is probably from a WW1 capture and all items probably from an old collection. There were no German bayonets in the batch, unless they had already been sold, as I arrived two hours after opening.



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Very nice Fritz, not sure what the W is for, some times these were regimental markings although usually on the handle, could just be W for Wilkinson?  We are no longer allowed to sell edged weapons in Scotland without a license, I do miss them. :(      

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Yes, I wonder what they are going to ban next. Luckily I was handed a great big black coloured plastic bag to cover them up with, otherwise they would have been sticking out of my rucksack. Luckily I didn't have far to go. Fancy being stopped for carrying some sort of "dangerous weapon".
The dangerous weapon is only as dangerous as the hands it is in.

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An interesting comparison, my own example, left and the example for the Museum, just purchased, this has no rivets to the scabbard upper fitting, whereas the other has three rivets to the front and rear. The example on the right has much remains of the original khaki finish, that on the left, a greenish finish. Bayonet has now been given a light cleaning, to be furthered. The "W" stamp can be seen just beneath the upper fitting, right of the seam, significance unknown. The blade is now clearly marked as Wilkinson, above which is a Crown, GR and 1907, various other ordonance markings and broad arrow to the other side. Exact date of manufacture not known, but certainly WW1.



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  • 4 weeks later...

Finally managed to get a fieldgrey spike for the helmet in the Museum. It took well over a week to complete the deal and before it arrived, this piece came from Weißenburg (Bavaria), it is complete with the "Teller", which we can display as an extra, as we only needed the spike. The "Teller" has all original fieldgrey finish, the spike has not. It has been buffed up by someone and then re-painted with a fieldgrey colour, which you could scratch with your finger nail. I thought about ref-finishing it, but that would be senseless, as there are no comparable materals available on the present day market. I tried to camouflage the scratches using gunblue to subdue the iron underneath, this has turned out well and has discoloured the surrounding fieldgrey paint to give a realistic finish. Was an expensive item on Ebay, the owner had only 2, one for 160 and one for 180 or nearest offer. The first one sold for 160,60 (with postage)  and I got in contact with the owner, who accepted 160 for the remaining piece.
Will bring this into the Museum on Tuesday.


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Latest Museums photos, the fieldgrey Pickelhaube is now complete with it's spike. Display slighty rearranged.

Recently added to the other display, a pair of Luftwaffe Flak collar patches to compliment the Flak identity disc, previously described.





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  • 3 weeks later...

Latest item for the Museum, a black wound badge, introduced on 3. March 1918 by order of the Kaiser, a wartime issue, no maker marks, pressed iron, showing much wear and some slight rust traces, lots of charakter.



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The Iron Cross citation for Fähnrich Jonkheer v. Teixeira de Mattos (Volunteer from Holland), Husaren-Regiment 15, Östlicher Kriegsschauplatz, 11. September 1915, signed by Oberstleutnant and Regimentskommandeur von Zieten. Later in the same year Teixeira was dismissed with the rank of Leutnant.

Some further pictures of Teixeira in later years, I believe he attended every event in Wandsbek connected with his old Regiment.  A further photo shows Teixeira seated in a garden with officers of the post-WW2 Netherlands forces., he is again wearing his old uniform. A final photo is shown of the unveiling of the memorial in 1938. In the background to the right is the house where I lived for 2 years from 1976 till 1978, formerly Hotel Bielefeld, now in other hands. Note the flags for the occasion.

This was mailed to me just now by a historian in Holland.

Teixeira EK 2 toekenning.jpg

Teixeira de Mattos,JuanMaria.jpg



La Pierre, Teixeira de Mattos, Jobst, Hüniken, Könemann and Behnke, ca. 1936

TeixeiraOnthulling 1938.jpg

Teixera,de Mattons Militär--Wochenblatt Nr. 167-168 vom 21 September 1915.jpg


1960s with Netherlands officers - left: unknown officer of Koninklik Marrechaussee
Leutnant a.D. Jonkheer Teixeira de Mattos, formerly Husaren-Regiment 15
Hofmarschalk mr. R.J.E.M. van Zinnicq Bergmann, Luftwaffe
Major J.C. Hopperus Buma, Kavallerie



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Two pictures were professionally scanned today. The one is an undated Montage of members of the 2. Eskadron.

A further picture is of portraits of all Unteroffiziere and Wachtmeister of the Regiment, dated 22. March 1907, which was presented to the commander, Oberst von Zitzewitz on leaving the Regiment for another appointment.  Some names are familiar and can be found in Wandsbek present day. This picture can be well enlarged, and clearly visible are all portraits and names. This and the other picture were by Photo Scholz, Wandsbek.



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  • 3 weeks later...

"Alsen war gut, Düppel war besser..."
(Theodor Fontane)
Latest item for the Museum is a Düppeler Sturmkreuz, otherwise known as Erinnerungskreuz für die Schlacht bei Düppel, 18. April 1864
This will complete the set for the three campaigns of 1864, 1866 and 1870/71 purchased for the Museum a few months back, this decoration
was missing, all ribbons were complete. This will be brought to the Museum on coming Sunday and put on the medal group where it is missing.

Cross is of white metal, Weißbronze, the reverse centre medallion with the portrait of König Wilhelm (I.) of Prussia,
obverse with the Prussian eagle standing on the barrel of a cannon, arms of the cross with inscription: Düppel - 18. - April - 1864
The right arm of the cross on the obverse side has a minting flaw, formed from a vertical hairline crack in the dyes, does not detract from
this historic piece. This example is an original award, probably minted by the Berliner Münze. Awarded to all troops who took part in the storming
of the Danish fortifications at Düppel.

Instituted by König Wilhelm (I.) on 18. Oktober 1864.
Could be awarded with four different ribbons,
for combattants
for non-combattants
for troops held in reserve
for doctors and clergy, on the ribbon of the Hausorden von Hohezollen, the decoration struck in blackened iron.

Becoming increasingly rare due to significance, must be in certain demand in collectors' circles.





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Today being the first Sunday in the month, the Museum was open for two hours. Was able to bring in the new decoration and add it to the medal bar.

The two new bayonets are also now on view.





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Some documents and photos were recently acquired from various donations, this was amongst them.
A early photo (copy) was sent to us of a
Sven Carlsson, born in Brönnestad, Skane, Sweden in 1851. He is said to have served with the regiment around 1870/71
Further details researched by donation source:


Stand: 04.12.2018


Sven Carlsson


Geschlecht: männlich

Beruf: Schuhmacher

Konfession: Evangelisch Lutherisch


geboren: Brönnestad Schweden 1851


Vater: Carl Daun [(2 Kinder)]

Mutter: Johanna Karsk [(1 Kind)]


Geschwister: Niels Carlsson Daun [01.06.1856 - 20.09.1892 (2 Kinder)]


Partner: oo Wandsbek 30.11.1874, Marie Fehling [1854 - 28.02.1875]


Anmerkungen: Wohnhaft in der Schulgasse Nr. 4. Wohnhaft Fehlings Passage Nr. 5.


Quellen: Heirat Standesamt Wandsbek Nr. 40. Signatur: 332-5_4052.


Stand: 04.12.2018

Carl Daun

Geschlecht: männlich

Beruf: Husar, Arbeiter

Partner: Johanna Karsk [(1 Kind)]

Johanna Persdotter [(1 Kind)]

Kinder: I. Sven Carlsson [1851]

II. Niels Carlsson Daun [01.06.1856 - 20.09.1892 (2 Kinder)]



Stand: 04.12.2018

Marie Louise Friedericke Fehling

Geschlecht: weiblich

Konfession: Evangelisch Lutherisch

geboren: Wandsbek 1854

gestorben: Wandsbek 28.02.1875

Vater: Carl Christopher Fehling [02.05.1826 - vor 1874 (4 Kinder)]

Mutter: Johanna Christiana Margaretha Petersen [10.02.1824 - 29.07.1886 (4 Kinder)]

Geschwister: (K) Carl Louis Ferdinand Fehling [07.10.1855 - 22.12.1923 (9 Kinder)]

(K) Carl Theodor Fehling [16.05.1858 - 22.08.1935 (12 Kinder)]

Johannes Louis Wilhelm Fehling [1861 - 23.01.1885]

Partner: oo Wandsbek 30.11.1874, Sven Carlsson [1851]

Anmerkungen: Wohnhaft in Wandsbek Fehlings Passage No. 4. Verstorben in der Wohnung Fehlings Passage No. 5 um acht Uhr abends.

Quellen: Heirat Standesamt Wandsbek Nr. 40 Signatur: 332-5_4052. Sterbeurkunde Wandsbek Nr. 81. Signatur: 332-5_4522. Ancestry.




Husar Gustav Gülk, 9.7.1879 - 11.1967
Photo (copy) kindly donated by Peter Jasper

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  • Fritz changed the title to Historical Museum in Wandsbek (Heimatmuseum)

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