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Historical Museum in Wandsbek (Heimatmuseum)

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New items for the Museum' s WW1 exhibition:

Leutnant, Landwehr-Inspektion Altona, 1915
Major, Infanterie-Regiment Graf Bose (Thüringisches) No.31, Altona (Battalion Commander)
Shoulder strap M.1915 for Field Artillery, 2. Kurhessisches Feld-Artillerie-Regt. 47, based in Fulda, XI.A.K.

 

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Another new item for the WW1 exhibition in the Museum, a belt for foot soldiers of the Prussian Army. The buckle is fieldgrey steel, the leather tab is unusually rivetted instead of sewn, it is marked and dated C.Pose, Berlin 1914 - a remarkably early fieldgrey steel buckle. The prongs have possibly been repaired or replaced by an earlier brass example, probably done in a divisional workshop. The belt it came with, is a standard 45 mm leather, unblackened, but has a catch which has the dimensions of the old wider M.1847 model, which was still in use until about 1917. The leather is faintly stamped B.P.B.14 and a further stamp 1888 - this could well be Badisches Pionier-Bataillon 14. Baden troops wore the standard Prussian buckle.

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Latest items for the Museum. Shoulder straps for regiments within the IX. Armee-Korps, pre-war:

Einjährig-Freiwilliger, Infanterie-Regiment Graf Bose (Thüringisches) Nr. 31 in Altona, private purchase uniform, in extra quality

Lauenburgisches Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 45, Altona, private purchase quality, complete with correct button (17 mm), the field artillery wore no battery number on the shoulder button.

Further buttons, wartime M.1915 (18 mm) for the fieldgrey Bluse, brown lacquered. As the Bluse had a concealed button front with buttons made of horn, the remaining buttons of this pattern were worn on the shoulder and hip pockets. Special buttons were worn over the rear skirting.

 

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Visitors to the Museum last Sunday brought in a set of personal papers from their family, these papers were to the grandfather and father of the lady who brought them in. The papers range from the Militärpaß and Soldbuch of the Grandfather Wilhelm Ignatzius Kaufmann to those of his son, which include Reichskennkarte, DAF Book and identity card, Ausweis für Schwerkriegsbeschädigte (ID card for severely war-damaged) etc. The grandfather's papers also include the award document for the "Ehrenkreuz für Kriegsteilnehmer", together with this decoration minus ribbon, there is also a commemorative badge for Infanterie-Regt.31 in Altona and another commemorative medal for former soldiers of the IX. Armee-Korps, unofficial. He served as a Landsturmmann, later promoted to Unteroffizier  in the IX. Reserve-Korps, and did not see active service according to the Militärpaß and Soldbuch.
An interesting collection of family papers with a historical connection, possibly further researchable.

 

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More new items for the Museum:

Shoulder strap M.1915 for Fußartillerie-Regiment von Dieskau (Schlesisches) Nr.6, based in Neiße and Glogau, VI. Armee-Korps
The rear is backed in fieldgrey cloth.

White metal nickel-silver tunic button for early M.1910 fieldgrey uniform (21 mm) for Pionier and technical troops, some Cavalry Regiments, and very few infantry or guard regiments.

Fieldgrey greatcoat button M.1915 (23 mm), brown finish partly worn off. The 1915 buttons were rimless and made of zinc or iron coated with zinc.

 

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A nice medal set to a WW1 veteran. Found last week in a cigar box with a couple of other items. This was in storage for many years, and nobody knows who the donor was or when.
A medal clasp with Iron Cross 2nd class, Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung 2nd class, Hamburger Hanseatenkreuz 1914 and a Bulgarian Military Cross with swords, this is a higher grade. Accompanying this is the original Feldspange (post 1934), which has the 1914-18 cross added, there is also the civil buttonhole decoration and a miniature Frackspange on its golden chain. Accompanying this is a WW2 dogtag of 5. Res. Flak. 603, probably for the same wearer - 5th Battery / Reserve Flak-Abteilung 603, personnel-no.59, blood group AB. This complete  little set would probably be worth a small fortune on the market. The Hamburger Hanseatenkreuz has come adrift from the set, and its ribon mounting is damaged, the set has a black cloth backing. There is also a post-war real silver Brandenburg Gate pin, presumably as a souvenir. These items now on display. Note the difference between the miniature and the full size Bulgarian Cross, not sure if an upgrade or older and newer version. Both versions are well known. The man was probably with the Artillery in WW1.

Reserve-Flak-Abteilung 603
schwere Flak-Abteilung 603 (v)

 

Die Abteilung wurde am 26. August 1939 in Hamburg-Altona aus Teilen der I. / Flak-Regiment 6 mit fünf Batterien (1. - 3. schwere und 4. - 5. leichte Batterie) aufgestellt und in Hamburg eingesetzt. Im April 1940 kam die Abteilung mit Teilen nach Aalborg in Dänemark. Im November 1941 war sie wieder in Hamburg vereint. Im Juli 1942 wurde die Abteilung zur schweren Flak-Abteilung 603 (v) umgewandelt. Dabei wurde die 4. Batterie zur leichten Flak-Batterie z.b.V. 2003 und durch die 5. / gemischte Flak-Abteilung 603 ersetzt. Im September 1943 wurde die Abteilung nach Italien verlegt, wo sie im März 1944 in Turin lag. Im Dezember 1944 wurde die Abteilung aufgelöst.
(Lexikon der Wehrmacht)

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Shoulder piece detail and swallows nest on the uniform of Musikmeister Sippel. This special shoulder piece was introduced in 1912.

Fragment of blade of Ehrendegen KD89 from Husaren-Regiment 15

Showcase in latest arrangement

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Another item for the Museum. A single shoulder strap for Mecklenburgisches Grenadier-Regiment 89, I. and III. Bataillon, based in Schwerin (IX. Armee-Korps)
Mecklenburg shoulder straps were printed rather than embroidered, as per regulations, unique to the German army. This was in accordance with an old Russian regulation. It bears the monogram of Friedrich Franz Großerzog von Mecklenburg.
A large format cabinet photo of a Grenadier of Grenadier-Regiment 89, featuring all the special uniform details of this regiment. Note the unique pattern belt buckle. The photo was taken in Photo Atelier Wielow in Hagenow i./M. A copy of this will go to the Museum.

 

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Two large undated photos of Infanterie-Regiment 69 in one of the large Kasernen in the Wandsbek area, I believe this was the Lettow-Vorbeck-Kaserne. These were recently donated by the lady from Sylt, from the estate of her father. One picture is of a large group of the regiment, presumably a full company. The other picture is of the Unteroffiziers-Korps of the company. The officer in the middle is wearing the Iron Cross 1st Class 1914 and holding a Prussian Infantry Officers sword M.89, which was tolerated at the time. Some of the elder NCOs are wearing the 1918 wound badge. An early photo, presumably 1939 or earlier.

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Some new items for the Museum, ordered today:

Shoulder strap, older pattern for Großherzoglich Mecklenburgisches Füsilier-Regiment 90, Wismar and Warnemünde. The later pattern bore a W under Imperial Crown, printed, as per Mecklenburg regulations.
Shoulder strap for Infanterie-Regiment Hamburg (2.Hanseatisches) No.76, based in Hamburg, probably an unfinished example, as no buttonhole.
A bayonet SG 98/05, dated 1916 and with Prussian W stamp under crown. Manufactured by Deutsche Maschinenfabrik AG, Duisburg. Will need some slight attention.
 

 

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The struggle for Schleswig-Holstein, 1848-1864, the wars of unification and the war against France 1870/71

The Regiments and garrisons of the IX. Armee-Korps in Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Schwerin and -Strelitz

An old photo, Daguerrotypie, hand-coloured, of Asmus Friedrich Tonn from Wandsbek, born 1836, Soldier in the Danish Artillery (?), ca. 1857

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More new items for the Museum. Cockade for Hamburg and Lübeck (Hansa), Infanterie-Regiment 76 and 162 (IX. Armee-Korps)

Bayonet M. 1898 long 2nd type with two separate wooden grips and without fireguard. No acceptance stamp or date to blade, Maker marked W.K. & C., the scabbard has a damaged tip due to corrosion, marked: 10.J.E.2.181. Traces of age, surface rust to hilt parts and wear and darkening to wooden grips. The blade has been professionally blued at some stage, should not be. Strange is the absence of markings to blade. Leather in very good sound condition. There is a mark to the rear of the pommel RC under a crown - this stands for Revisions-Commission, meaning that the bayonet has been officially overhauled, reconditioned or repaired. Requires a little cleaning and restoration.

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Latest item for the Museum:
A standard grey metal fitted Prussian Pickelhaube. This is dated 1916 in two places, and is probably an early 1916 production as there is also a unit mark:
7.D. 1916, the significance of which I do not know. Most grey metal helmets found nowadays do not have a unit mark. There is also a very faint Berlin maker's mark within. In the condition it arrived in, has dried through storage, the rear peak is almost completely detatched, just held in the middle by the rear spine - this will have to be properly sewn, but first the leather will have to be softened, including the natural pigskin liner, which would otherwise tear. The grey metal fittings have most of original finish. The right side of the helmet has suffered a massive blow, as if from a rifle butt or from a drop from a considerable height, the shell is not dented, but the lacquered finish has sprung off around this area. A spike will have to be found for the helmet and a chinstrap from suitable leather, copy fittings and cockades I have with some spares. Apart from this, the two leather wedges behind the plate are also missing, these will have to be made from a suitable leather, which should be no problem.
The copy cockades were obtained in 1967 from Morrison in Leicester, who either manufactured these or distributed them, they were offered blanko with a copy chinstrap for one pound plus postage in those days.  The cockades are of very thin ferous metal and black lacquered ready for painting. They will do till suitable replacements are found.
I would assume that this helmet has been worn at the front, and at the time, spikes were removed from the helmet, subsequently getting lost, the helmet returning in this condition from the front.
This helmet was offered for 400 Euros as it stands, might sound expensive for an incomplete piece, but they are becoming increasingly scarce.

 

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Restoration of pickelhaube. The necessary steps before re-stitching the back peak on. The leather liner has become so fragile and dry over the years that this has to be cleaned and moistened with a special leather cleaner and some saddle soap before pulling down to access the inner of the helmet for stitching. Special care should be taken along the lines which are stressed, cracked or torn. All surfaces to be stitched should be pre-moistened with leather cleaner and leather soap to soften this. Afterwards these surfaces should be well coated or soaked in vaseline and allowed a day or two for this to be absorbed, after which the stitching process can be begun. A proper needle for leatherwork should be used and linnen thread as used by shoemakers, etc. A pair of suitable pliars is also recommended for getting the needle through - push and pull. It is important that the original stitch holes are used and that these are properly matched. It is advisable to start either at the end corner of the peak surface and work forward to the middle and back again, so that everything is firmly stitched. The same process again for the other end of the peak. It is not necessary to remove the back spine when doing this. Photos as example. The last photo is shown with a coloured thread only as an example - proper linnen thread should be used.

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Neck shield now stitched on as well as possible. For the emblem, 2 leather wedges to be made, only had enough leather for one piece. Next step is the reconstruction of the chinstrap, for which suitable leather has to be obtained, as well as a piece for the other wedge. The rear peak is now firmly in place. The leather liner had to be repeatedly "refreshed", as was showing considerable stress. Most of the punched tabs have been ripped  by the now missing drawstring at one time, these will have to be reinforced.

Leather for the chinstrap now available, this is 15 mm wide and has a thickness of about 1 mm. Just needs to be correctly stitched together, adjusted and dyed to the correct colour on the outward surfaces. Chinstrap now fitted, it will have to be re-adjusted, as slightly too long, the stitching to the rear on one side will have to be opened, end shortened and re-stitched. TWhen the correct length is attained, the strap will then be ironed with a hot iron to make a tighter fit and remove slackness, after which it can be lacquered brown.
The leather liner lashes to be repaired, a small piece of leather is glued to each of rear laps, using a suitable glue, and then cut to shape when glue has dried. This will also strengthen the leather.
Strap now adjusted, just to be dyed dark brown next.
Strap has now been dyed. Not the results I was expecting, the dark brown turned out almost black, too shiny and patchy. Will try again, this time with Humbrol dark brown matt, that should do it.

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Helmet now completed and temporarily fitted with a spike. Just looking for a correct replacement spike from now on.

 

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The Modell 98 Seitengewehr (lang) has just had the scabbard restored. The rust damaged tip has now been expertly replaced by a specialist, making use of a spare original (and with only minor alteration) and who visited the Museum recently. The work has been done with great accuracy, skill and patience and was ready within two days. A small fee will be paid by the Museum.

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All that is missing now, is the correct spike, hope this can soon be found.

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Another two items for the Museum, this time to represent the other side of the line. A helmet badge for the French 1915 adrian helmet, this is probably a later production of thinner steel (magnetic), and has been repainted.
An oval cockade as worn by other ranks of the entire Russian Army till the Revolution in 1917. Magnetic iron with almost all original finish, the silvered parts have turned grey. Attachment prongs missing, ideal as an exemplary exhibit. Rare to find nowadays since this ceased to be worn, apart from the white forces during the civil war.

 

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Latest items for the Museum, it's been an expensive day again! But all for a good cause.

Belt buckle, Prussia, M.1847. Production continued till 1895, then replaced by a slightly smaller model. These were still in service 1914-18. Nice condition, has been worn for a long time, one of the prongs is missing. Has a lot of charakter.


Offiziers Dienstauszeichnung, 25 - long service decoration for officers, 25 years. Bronze fire-gilded on single mounting. Introduced by Friedrich Wilhelm III. in 1825, awarded till circa 1920. Beautiful quality and as good as new, apart from the ribbon which has some fraying to the edges.


Seitengewehr u/M 64 (umgeändertes Modell) - sidearm adapted/altered model 1864. Weapon marked on rear of crossguard 2.A.F. 15. 228. - 2nd Army Artillerie-Brigade, 15. Fuss-Batterie/Kompanie, weapon no. 228
The scabbard is marked: I.M. XIII. 462., being Infanterie Munitionskolonne, XIII. Armee-Korps, weapon no. 462. Used in the wars of 1864, 1866 and 1870/71. In use till around 1873. These weapons were a modification, using blades and material from older weapons, usually the blades of the Infanterie-Säbel M.1818 (French) were used, the blade was slightly curved.

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The latest purchase from the UK for the Museum turned out to be rather expensive, priced at 75 pounds plus 15 pounds postage, equivalent of 103,02 Euros
15,00 Euro bank provision
2,50 Courtage
30,00 Euros Spesen, altogether over
150,52 Euros (!) This is the last time I will do a bank transfer overseas, was not quite aware of the high charges, in the old days it was much less.

Offered as a bayonet frog for M.98/05 - this seems too large for that bayonet, the button hole is slightly larger or stretched/enlarged than the scabbard hook, more likely for an older weapon, otherwise identical to that of 98/05, would very likely fit the model 1864 u/M previously shown.
Made of brown leather darkened with age, illegible makers mark to reverse, two lower rivets are missing, all the stitching is intact, but stitched part is slightly loose.

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Yesterday saw the visit of Ole von Beust and Thomas Reiter to the Museum, the purpose of which was not revealed. There was a small informal reception with coffee and cake and a glas of "Sekt".  Von Beust, former Mayor of Hamburg from 2001 till 2010, stayed for around half and hour and was introduced to the Museum personnel. He did not hold any speeches, just said a few words in the round and was a good listener. Von Beust, (*1955 )  and Thomas Reiter run an advice consultancy bureau, which has offices in Hamburg, Berlin and Brussels. Afterwards he was shown the various collections of the Museum and the room where the portrait of his father is kept.

Probably the only photo taken during the visit, in the committee room of the Bürgerverein zu Wandsbek von 1848 e.V., von Beust in conversation with the Museum Director, Frau Voss. In the background is the portrait of von Beust senior and the large desk from his estate more than fills the room. Portraits of all the former Bezirksamtsleiter of Wandsbek are on the walls.

The portrait of Helge Freiherr von Beust (senior), which was donated to the Museum a few weeks ago.

More information on Ole von Beust can be found under:

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ole_von_Beust

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Latest items for the Museum:
Bavaria: Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Klasse mit Krone und Schwertern, on original sewn ribbon. Gilded copper
Bavaria: Medal bar with Militärverdienstkreuz 3. Klasse mit Schwertern. Kriegsmetall - zinc with iron swords as from 1917. The iron swords are magnetic,
together with Frontkämpferkreuz 1914-18, awarded as from 1934. The ribbons are set in the classical Bavarian style, ribbons with some rust staining.

6 Gefechtsspangen zur Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71 - campaign bars, awarded after 1895 to mark the 25th anniversary of the war. Bronze fire-gilded, much of the gilding has worn off, darkened in places and with some wear, on 5 bars the pins are missing, one bar with both pins, BEAUMONT  is probably a later copy.
The remaining bars:

SEDAN - 1.-2. September 1870
PARIS - 18. September 1870 - 26. January 1871
LOIGNY-POUPRY - 2. December 1870
ORLÉANS - 3.-4. December 1870
BEAUGENCY-CRAVANT* - 8.-10. December 1870

Sizes can vary, these are size matched, 39 mm, except for the Beaumont example, which is shorter, 32 mm.
* The spelling on some of these bars is known to vary, it this case is Beaugency-Gravant, rather than Beaugency-Cravant
Other known variations are:
SPICHERN / SPICHEREN
AN DER LISAINE / A. D. LISAINE
MONT VALERIEN / MONT ST. VALERIEN
unoffical bars, CHAMPIGNY / COULMIERS

 

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