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Historical Museum in Wandsbek (Heimatmuseum)

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Some spares arrived this week, destined for the museum. The large button is one of a pair worn as collar buttons for a Sergeant, Vizewachtmeister or Wachtmeister as rank buttons. One of these was missing on one of the uniforms in the museums collection. This will be remedied next week. A further pair of shoulder buttons for those missing on an officer's interims-attila. The shoulder straps with their respective monograms are also missing, these will prove more difficult to find. The shoulder buttons will be attached next week.

A further pair of shoulder buttons for other ranks of a 4th squadron or company, as worn on the fieldgrey uniforms. These have a rim and a pebbled surface and are destined for my own collection. Very rare to find. They are made of Neusilber.

Work has now been carried out on two uniforms:
Tunic (Attila) for a Sergeant or Vizewachtmeister, the left collar button has now been attached. Interesting to note is the higher grade of lance fencing stripe of silver braid on the right upper arm.
Interims-Attila for an officer. After some slight alteration to the shoulders, the shoulder buttons now stitched on. The area below the buttons had to be reinforced with cloth squares. Now just the officers shoulder pieces with their mongrams are missing. This is the only officers uniform in the museum.

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Some more new items acquired today for the museum:

Kriegsdenkmünze 1870/71 for the war against France. Awarded to all combattants who took part. The edge of the medal is impressed with the inscription:
AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUETZE, being of captured cannon metal.
Kaiser Wilhelm (I)  Gedächtnismedaille, 1897. Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Medal, awarded to all in service of the state at the time, on the initiative of Kaiser Wilhelm II., in memory of his Grandfather. Goldbronze.
Kreuz für Kriegshilfsdienste, 1916. Awarded for wartime services, military and non-military. Grey war metal (zink).
All on their original ribbons, some with traces of storage. The two latter decorations are absolutely mint and probably never awarded and only stored for all these years.

Three iconic pieces of historical significance.

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Some more uniforms from the reserve collection of the museum.

An Attila for a Sergeant or Vizewachtmeister of the 5. Eskadron. This example is an issued piece from the depot of the IX. Armee-Korps, the white linnen linng is fully stamped, B.A.IX - H.R.15 - 5.E. - with size markings and dated 1914. The markings are much clearer than in the photos. The right arm has three chevrons for lance expertise. Further detail photos of issue stamps in lining. Together with this is a pair of officers breeces with silver braid, not matching the nco tunic.

A further example is the scarce fur trimmed cape, known as a "Pelz" or "Dolman", standard issue with black Persianer trim. The cuffs are laced with nco braid, no further rank badges were worn. The garment is lined in yellow, as per regulations. This was normally worn open, suspended from the left shoulder by the two long "Peitschen" attached to the collar, in Winter fully closed. Shoulder pieces and lance chevrons were worn. This example from the 2. Eskadron. A rare item, worn only with full parade dress.

 

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Dolman (cape) for a Wachtmeister of Husaren-Regiment 15, similar to previous item, this time with the rank badges for a Wachtmeister, the cuffs have the usual broad Tresse for Unteroffiziers ranks, but with an additional narrow strip of braid beneath this. This is the only tunic in the museums collection with the rank of Wachtmeister. The shoulder buttons are plain, having no Eskadron number, which I believe was normal for this rank. This was the highest nco rank of all. The right upper sleeve has two Fechtwinkel awarded for good lance proficiency. In the first and third picture the regulation yellow lining is clearly visible

Further items recovered during a recept expedition to the museum's loft. These are about the only items found dating from the period 1933-45 of general interest, both finds allegedly attributed to a sources from family estates from Wandsbek. The first lot of three items, the familiar Eastern Front medal minus its ribbon. Haven't looked yet to see if there is a manufacturers mark - as good as mint. A bronze and enamele membership badge of the Vaterländischer Frauen Verein dated 1914 (WWI) and a Soviet military cap star of unusual design, definitely period, this is made of iron with a silvered and enamel finish, two blades for attachment at rear. Significance unknown, slightly different to the standard Red Army star. This was found in an empty Nivea tin.
A further small collection from another source is,

a long strip of original mint EK 39 ribbon
an Austrian 1914-18 medal on trifold ribbon with crossed swords
a 1914-18 Cross with an unmounted ribbon
a tiny gilded and painted rally souvenir badge for walking/wandering - Kanzelkehre / Achensee Strasse / 400m
a HJ Rally badge made of early plastic - HJ-Reichssportwettkampf 1939,
a 25 Year Service Cross, mint as issued in orginal box of which the lid is missing.
A Sportsbadge in silver ( Wernstein, Jena), last pattern in a presentation box, of which the lid is missing.

The box is identical to an EKI box and is probably such. Next time will check the details for further description. Interestingly, the sportsbadge seems to be  made of iron with a good silver finish, unusual. Such items have not been displayed in the past, which is a shame. These have now been brought on display with the little space that is available - appropriately with the HKs either face downwards or covered with a little square of paper, shouldn't be any complaints then.

 

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A detail picture of the Officers breeches - Reithose/Stiefelhose. Uncertain if original - the cloth and silver braid are original material. The inner lining and the pocket linings are most likely post WW2 material, various buttons are replacements, the waist has been enlarged by adding elastic gussets on both sides, definitely not period done. Probably an original breeches that has been postwar privately altered.

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Two new items for the Museum.
Prussia: Allgemeines Ehrenzeichen ( 1810-1917) mounted for wear in a military style, cloth backing could be matching a Dragoner or Husar uniform. The averse bears the monogram of Friedrich Wilhelm III. The reverse, VERDIENST UM DEN STAAT within a laurel wreath. Silver or with high silver content. This medal could be for civil and military.

A replacement ribbon, 25mm for the Winterschlacht 1941/42 medal in the museum's collection.

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Various medal groups, including a set with a Dutch medal and it matching set of miniatures on a chain, this from the possession of Willy Burgdorf, who was part of a deputation to Den Haag in February 1901 for the wedding of Queen Wilhelmina.
A further picture includes a cut off part of a shouder piece for the greatcoat, several regimental histories and a souvenir porcellain plate dated December 1901, a present from a reservist to his uncle.

A  more detailed picture of the decorations, showing the Netherlands Medal.

Some more personal objects, including the original case of issue for EKI for Leutnant der Reserve Johannes Greiner and a leather cigar case.

Dokument for the 1914-18 cross for master saddler Wilhelm Tribehs, Wandsbek, 20. February 1935

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A photo montage by Photostudio Scholz, Wandsbek, which is still in existence, but has changed ownership several times, ca. 1906 of personnel of the Regiment in Wandsbek.

A diorama of lead soldiers representing Husaren-Regt.15 pre-WW1, presented by former nearby ex-Bundeswehr soldiers to the Museum a few decades ago. One of the trees to the right has collapsed and has to be "corrected". In all, nicely done.

A photo of the Unteroffizierskorps of the Regiment, ca. 1910. Photo can be magnified, and most of the names are quite clear.

 

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The other departments of the Museum concerning the general history of the town and area of Wandsbek
- some official seals and commemorative items from the late 19th and 20th Century
- The Jews in Wandsbek
- Das Postwesen in Wandsbek, history of
- Panorama of Wandsbek, ca. 1900
- The churches in Wandsbek, including a copy of the silver altar relief in the Marktkirche.
- A model of the Palace of Graf v. Schimmelmann, sold and demolished around 1848
- Details of the official seals, late 19th Century and early 20th Century

Was unfortunately not possible to get better pictures because of the additional lighting.

 

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Newly acquired for the museum:
Prussian Cockades for various types of headdress
- Reserve officer, centre with silver Landwehr cross
- regular other ranks peaked cap or dress cap
- Landwehr other ranks peaked field cap, stich on, centre has silver Landwehr cross

These were always worn below the Reichskokarde (black-white-red)
The reserve crosses have tiny inscription - Mit Gott für König und Vaterland - 1813
Landsturm personnel wore a gold coloured cross of the same pattern

These were of course also worn on the helmet plates. The pattern of Landwehr cross varied from state to state.

Added today:
Reichskokarde for officers
and the (part) set, slightly restored

These little items have become increasingly expensive, especially for rarer variations, older types and of all the different German states, the demand has also soared on the collectors market.

 

 

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More cockades destined for the museum:

Other ranks' cockade for the field cap, stitch-on
A mixed bag of cockades, two of which are for the museum, top-left and top-centre

Two of the cockades, which needed some slight attention, right, has some slight surface rust, which is now mostly removed using lamp oil
The other was only a fragment consisting of the silver ring, so I cut out a cardboard circle, painted it black and attached the ring, in between, I put a corner of red felt. Will now look fine on the display panel, soon almost complete.

 

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A wine glass out of which Fürst Bismarck drank during his visit to Wandsbek, 10. March 1892
was later engraved in commemoration of the occasion:
"Aus diesem Glas trank Fürst Bismack am 10. März 1892....anläßlich seines Besuchs in Wandsbeck, Kreis Stormarn..."

Next to this are two bronze age amulets of early settlers, found in the region of Wandsbek by archaeologists.

A cast iron wall plaque (probably Berliner Eisen) depicting Fürst Bismarck and documents commemorating his visit to Wandsbek, 1892
Bismarck was Chancellor till 1890, when in disagreement with Kaiser Wilhelm II.  as to the political course, causing him to resign.

A service uniform of a member of Wandsbek Freiwillige Feuerwehr, 1960s

Luftschutz Handspritzpumpe for firefighting used by the Wandbek Feuerwehr during the air raids in July 1943

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Iron Cross 1. Class on the uniform of the standard bearer, who also has a medal group, see earlier images.

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Cockades so far in the Museum's collection. To the far right, we still have to find the Reichscockade matching the last version (stitch-on).
The Reserve cockade is mounted crookedly, we shall have to correct that. Still on the lookout for representative items of relevance.

The medal collection so far... Two of these decorations are from former members of the regiment, including the Iron Cross and the Lippe-Detmold war cross (below).

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Another catch for the Museum! Just purchased at a fleamarket for 6 Euros (bargaining price) from a Turkish woman at a stand. An assortment of Feuerwehr uniform rank badges. They are very similar to WW2, and were commonly worn by all fire brigades in East and West until fairly recently - all pieces in almost mint condition.
Some of the provincial Freiwillige (volunteer) brigades probably still wear these. Buttons and pips are very similiar to their historical predecessors, and I have detected two different forms of shoulder pip, both forms reminiscent of 3rd Reich examples and most likely produced on same dies. The buttons have an almost illegible makers mark to the rear, not remininscent of 3rd Reich examples.

Not sure of the ranks indicated, will have to look that up. However, they have different ranks and titles postwar to the Third Reich ones.

Feuerwehrmann
Oberfeuerwehrmann
Hauptfeuerwehrmann
These are the more junior ranks for Schleswig-Holstein
Further ranks are Löschmeister, Brandmeister, etc.

The badge underneath is an armbadge for, I assume, Hauptfeuerwehrmann. All can be said to be in mint condition and look very fresh.
Quality can be stated as good.

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dienstgrade_der_Feuerwehr_in_Schleswig-Holstein

 

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Another Reichskokarde for 20 Euros for the Museum, and this will now complete the display set. This particular version (25mm) is for stitching on to the field cap, underneath the cockade should be a small corner of red uniform cloth.
On the 9th November 1918 many Reichscockades were removed from the caps, as the monarchy had collapsed and many units, especially on the home front and rear areas were in the hands of the Soldatenrat, and officers lost their authority. The Reichskokarde was no longer worn after this date, and only reintroduced under Hitler.

Display set now completed, 12.9.2017

 

 

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Two photo postcards from the estate of former Musikmeister Sippel, no text

Two photos of Unteroffizier Sippel, son of Musikmeister Sippel (Sr.), partly fieldgrey with puttees

Photo of Unteroffizier Sippel, wearing white summer trousers

A further photo of Unteroffizier Sippel in all fieldgrey uniform and puttees (Wickelgamaschen)

A photo from a studio in Düsseldorf of a Husar, presumably from Husaren-Regt. 11 in Krefeld

A stool from the barracks, formerly Husaren-Regiment 15, Schemel aus der Mannschaftsstube

Modern times, a fine quality pure silk tie with Wandsbek Wappen from the 1980s or 90s, now no longer made

 

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The latest donation to the museum was this document from 1917. A lady from Stuttgart was staying in Hamburg and being originally from Wandsbek, she paid a visit to the museum and brought this document with her. She told us it was from her grandfather, discovered it recently in her house, had never seen it before!  It comes complete with a very modern frame.
This could help us to start our special exhibition of the 100 year anniversary of the Great War.

The document for an Iron Cross 2nd Class is in an unusal individual style as issued by the 38. Landwehr Division.
It was awarded to

Sanitäts-Unteroffizier Adolf Landahl, serving with Reserve Feld Lazarett 109,

and issued on 4.September 1917

and signed by Generalleutnant Karl Wilhelm Freiherr von Willisen, Kommandeur 38. Landwehr Division.

N.B: Only reference found to -  Reserve Feld Lazarett 109:

Verlustliste: 4. Lothringisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 136:

(Quelle: Ehrentafel des 4. Lothringischen Infanterie-Regiments Nr. 136)

Ersatz-Reservist WISSENBACH           

Gestorben, 03.10.1915, Reserve-Feldlazarett 109,  Wilna

(found under Genealogy.net)

 

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Some new entries to the Museum.

Prussia: Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung II.KLasse, (clasp / Schnalle ) blackened iron on woven silk,
awarded 1842 - 1913.
It was replaced in 1913 by a small gilt or copper coloured bronze medal on a blue ribbon.

Prussia: Kartuschkasten for cavalry officers, including Husaren-Regiment 15
also worn by Field Artillery and Train. As worn on the officers bandelier.

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More new entries to the Museum:

Prussia: Shoulder strap fieldgrey, M.1915 for
Infanterie-Regiment Graf Bose (Thüringisches) Nr.31 - stationed in Altona (IX. Armee-Korps)
The edge is piped in white for almost all infantry regiments as from September 1915.

Prussia: Landwehr-Dienstauszeichnung 2.Klasse, new form introduced in 1913 as a medal to replace the previous old clasp, this example mounted on set ribbon for wear, on red backing with pin system, the ribbon somewhat faded.

 

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and various uniform buttons nickel and copper coloured.

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Regimental History published by E.S. Mittler & Sohn, Berlin, 1891, said to be the officers version and a photocopy of the title page. An appendix with list of those of the regiment who received the Iron Cross for 1870/71.

Photos from the estate of Heinrich and August Henne:

Truppen-Übungsplatz Alten-Grabow, 16.VIII.1901

Stube 49, Wandsbek, 1901. There are four long reservists' tobacco pipes in the picture.

Heinrich Henne, 4th from left (seated). Fotostudio Ferdinand Böttcher, Barmbek, Gluckstr.5, 1901

Reservists, 1902, probably by Photo Scholz, Wandsbek, printed in very small format

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New item has arrived for the museum, this time not Husaren. An undated almost perfect example of a field cap for infantry etc., with Prussian cockade. Maker mark from Coblenz, not quite legible  and size stamp within lining. Just a very few tiny moth spots and a larger one behind the Prussian cockade, which is not so noticeable. Probably dating from 1916, as the vast majority of surviving examples.

How the new exhibition looks so far. One Hundred Years First World War 1914 - 1918. Was lucky to get so much space in the Museum.

 

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Regimental history, 1903 edition from the estate of Gefreiter Rosenberger, presented to him by Wachtmeister Warnstedt, 1909, with dedication and a photo pasted into the inside cover. With further dedication by Regimentsadjutant Oberleutnant von Hofmann and regimental stamp. Also the later personal name and address stamp of Rosenberger with his address at Behnkenkammer 10 in Wandsbek.

 

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