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Found 36 results

  1. Here's a list of known makers of British WW1/WW2 helmets and Liner Markings. British Steel Suppliers of WW1 British Helmets. V = Vickers Ltd of Sheffield.......................1916 - 1917. MS= Miris Steel Co Ltd of London..............1916 - 1917. ( also produced helmets after Aug 1916 ). Used Miris trademark. FS= Thomas Firth & Sons Ltd of Sheffield............1916 - 1918. ( also used "F" mark and most likely used "FKS" marks ).. O = Samuel Osborne & Co Ltd of Sheffield........1916 - 1918. A = Edgar Allen & Co Ltd of Sheffield ......1916 - 1918. M = J & J Maxfield & Sons Ltd Sheffield.1916 - 1918. ( also used "MLS" marks ). B = Bury's & Co Ltd of Sheffield................1916 - 1918. BS= W.Beardmore & Co Ltd of Glasgow....1916 - 1919. HS= Hadfield Ltd of Sheffield......................1916 - 1919. Known Makers of WW1 British Helmets. D = James Dixon & Sons Ltd of Sheffield .............. 1915. V = W & E Viener Ltd of Sheffield.................. 1915. M = J&J Maxfield & Sons Ltd of Sheffield .......1915. ( also used "MLS" marks ). H = Hutton & Sons Ltd of Sheffield................. 1915. HH = Harrison Bros & Howson Ltd of Sheffield. 1915.. R = John Round & Sons Ltd of Sheffield. 1916. Other Makers not part of the Sheffield Munitions Committee Groups. Army & Navy Co-operative Society Sept 1915 to Jan 1916 ( Not Marked ). Joseph Sankey & Sons Ltd Oct 1915 to Oct 1916 ( No Marks Except Steel Suppliers Mark ). Bleriot Ltd May 1916 to Oct 1916 ( No Marks Except Steel Suppliers Mark ). Known Makers of WW2 British Helmets. AMC = Austin Motor Co Ltd Cowley. 1941. BMB = Briggs Motor Bodies Ltd of Dagenham. 1939 - 1943. BS = William Beardmore Steel Co of Glasgow. F & L= Fisher & Ludlow Ltd of Birmingham. 1939 - 1942. WD = William Dodson & Sons of Birmingham. 1938 - 1941 ( possibly also used "WDS" marks ). Helmets Ltd = Helmets Ltd of Wheathampstead. RO & CO = Rubery Owen & Co Ltd of Leeds. 1939 - 1943 ( Spelled as RO.CO or RO & CO ). JSS = Joseph Sankey & Sons Ltd Bilston . 1938 - 1941. C. = Clydesdale Stamping Co Ltd. Dudley. 1939 - 1940. ( used a letter S within a letter C mark ). HBH = Harrison Bros & Howson. Sheffield. 1938 - 1940. EC & CO = E Camelinat & Co Ltd Birmingham. 1939 - 1942. ( also used just EC mark ). SO = Samual Osborne & Co Ltd. Sheffield. SC = Steel Ceillings Ltd. Hayes. 1939 - 1940 EBW = Eveson Bros of Worchester. 1939 - 1943 PPM = Patent Pulp Manufacturing Co Ltd Thetford. ( Tank Crew and Motorcycle Dispatch Helmets ). Known Makers of British Helmet Liners. BMB 1 = Briggs Motor Bodies Ltd of Dagenham.........1939 - 1945. BH & G = Barrow Hepburn & Gale Ltd. London...........1939 - 1940. FFL 2 = Fisher. Foil. Ltd.............................................1942 - 1945 Helmets Ltd 1 = Helmets Ltd of Wheathampstead.......1937 - 1943. Vero 2 = Everett.W.Vero & Co London.........................1937 - 1944. TTC 1 = Teddy Toy Co Ltd. Dagenham.......................1939 - 1942. FFC 2 = ?. SNL 2 = S.E.Norris Ltd. Dagenham. ( also "N" Ltd 2 ).1940. JCS&W= J. Crompton Sons & Webb Ltd. London........1938 - 1943. CCL 2 = Christy & Co Ltd London................................1940 - 1945. LWL = Lane & Whittaker Ltd..........................................1940 G.& S = Gimson & Slater of Nottingham........................1943 F&L 1 = Fisher & Ludlow Ltd Birmingham.....................1939 - 1942 AG = A.Garstin & Co Ltd. LPC = ?..........................1941 PPM = Patent Pulp Manufacturing Co Ltd Thetford. J&AJB 2 = ?...................1941 E & R = ?.......................1941 W&LC= ?......................1941 F.H = ? .........................1941 ( Possibly Failsworth Hats Ltd. Oldham ). Commonwealth Helmet & Liner Makers. Known Makers of Canadian WW2 Helmets. CL/C = Canadian Motor Lamp Co. of Windsor.............1940 - 1943 AG/C = Aluminium Goods Co. of Toronto....................1942 exclusively GSW = General Steel Wares. of Toronto.....................1940 - 1942 Known Makers of Canadian WW2 Liners. Baskstay Standard Co of Ontario. ( Also made chinstraps ). Viceroy Manufacturing Co of Toronto. ( C/Arrow 144 ) and VMC )...1940 - 1945 Scully Manufacturing Co of Montreal. Known Makers of Australian WW2 Helmets. CS. = Commonwealth Steel Co (Australia ). Waratah ( NSW ). John Heine & Son Ltd Sydney. Known Makers of Australian WW2 Liners. Dunlop. = Dunlop Rubber Co Ltd Sydney. ( Aust & NZ ) 1940 - 1945 Known Makers of South African WW2 Helmets. TSP = Transvaal Steel Pressing Syndicate Ltd Johnnesburg. Known Makers of South African WW2 Liners. Jager Rand.& ( mark- Broad Arrow inside Letter "U" )...1940 - 1942 Known Makers of New Zealand WW2 Helmets. NPZ marked commonly referred as made by New Zealand Pressings, but helmet shells imported from Australia made by CS and assembled by General Motors Petone Wellington.The helmet lugs were made by Precision Engineering Co they supplied only 40,000 to General Motors and had stamped them ( nPz 1941 ) this was the only consignment ever made by this firm. The liners were made by Dunlop Rubber Co Ltd. This list is on going if you know of any more please let us know.
  2. Shortly after the US declaration of war in April of 1917 the US ordered around 400,000 helmets from the British for use by the American Expeditionary Force. While the US Manufacturers developed their own M1917 helmet and got production up to speed, very few of the M1917s made it to the Western Front before the Armistice. It was replaced by the M1917AI in the late 1930s - 1941 and the M1 helmet and liner was phased in 1941 - 1942.
  3. Bavarian rank collar buttons of 1916 pattern for field grey Bluse (29mm). These shown are the larger size worn by a Sergeant. They have a light grey painted finish for the regiments which formerly had white metal buttons, as opposed to the bronzebrown finish for those with yellow metal buttons. These were worn in pairs on each side of the collar (approx. below position of the ears), and the Bavarian lion alway faced the front or towards the centre. The old pattern buttons had displayed the lion without the shield, the new pattern 1916 featured a shield with the distinctive Bavarian lozenge pattern (Rautenmuster). See attached photo
  4. Not much to show so far, fieldgrey cockade arrived today: An Austrian M.95 Steyr bayonet as already featured under bayonets. An officer's Portépée with monogram FJ, worn till December 1916, very fine quality gold wire woven and embroidered, strap with white saffian leather underlay, heavy item compared to the sword it was attached to. An Austrian belt buckle, looks a little new, originality uncertain. A Kappenrose, hollow brass with cut-out monogram IFJ for Franz Joseph I, rear with double prongs A Kappenrose, fieldgrey with cut-out monogram K for Karl, as from December 1916, rear with two retaining loops 2 k.u.k. uniform buttons, most likely of a civil or state uniform, 20mm, fire-gilded bronze, one button considerably darkened One button has simply WIEN, the other EXTRA RICH and Imperial Eagle above.
  5. Shown is an officers helmet, basic pattern for Grenadier Regiments 1-12, except for G.R. 1,4,7 and 9, which wore helmets with the Grenadier eagle, old or new pattern and with battle honours etc. The old pattern eagle shown is pre 1913. The new pattern eagle was introduced gradually for all regiments between 1897 and 1913. Shown is the old pattern heraldic eagle with an oval FWR shield on the breast. The helmet is presuably from Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich I. (4. Ostpreussisches) No.5, based in Danzig, as it came complete with cloth cover and red regimental number. The eagle displays a very fine quality fire-gilding. Inside is the normal officers type lining in leather and ribbed silk, the front peak is lined in green leather, the rear peak in red leather, which was standard for officer helmets. This example could be dated as around 1897-1910, probably the latter, as the spike is relatively tall. Correction: Title of Regiment should read: Grenadier-Regt. König Friedrich I. (4.Ostpreussisches) No.5 - based in Danzig. Friedrich I was the first King of Prussia since it's establishment in 1701.
  6. Here is a selection of "standard" German bayonets at the beginning of WW1. The older types were the shorter SG 84/98 a.A., which had been converted from the old M.71/84, and had been adapted for the new G.98 rifle, whereas the older 71/84 model was only suited to the G.71/84 or G.88 rifle, which were still available in sufficient numbers to equip the reserve troops. Shown are two examples of the SG 84/98 aA (old model) in varying lengths. These had the same blades as the SG 71/84 (middle). The SG 71/84 shown has a stamp on the rear of the hilt: being 31.R.6.25 meaning Inf.-Regt.31, 6th Comp., weapon no.25. There is a date on the spine of the blade of 1888, beneath a crowned "W". The blades of all three weapons are by Weyersberg, Kirchbaum & Cie., Solingen. All three weapons have walnut grips. The rear of the pommel shows two crowned inspection marks, which are almost always present. In most cases, the blades were only sharpened on mobilisation, never in peacetime. The misuse of blades was also absolutely prohibited. The scabbard of the SG 71/84 shown here is missing, but would have been identical to the SG 84/98. When leather scabbards became unserviceable during WW1, they were replaced by the depot with steel scabbards. Each unit had it's own armourers workshops, which, constantly inspected the weaponry and carried out the necessary repairs and replacements. Further examples shown are of the SG 98/05, which was issued in large numbers till about 1918, and was probably the most common bayonet of WW1. It was originally conceived for the foot artillery for use with the G.98 and Kar 98, but was found most practical as a general service bayonet. This was originally issued with a leather scabbard, but as from 1915 steel scabbards were produced, which proved more durable under the damp and harsh conditions at the front. Shown is a 1914 produced bayonet by Haenel in Suhl with a leather scabbard. The other is a 1915 example by V.C.Schilling in Suhl and is with a steel scabbard, the hilt has lugs as a reduction of a muzzle ring, as well as no fireguard above the grips. These versions are now rarely encountered, as they were usually later fitted with a fireguard and the lugs filed down. The next two examples shown are a SG 98/05 sawback in a steel scabbard and dated 1916. This example is made by E.& F. Hörster in Solingen. The shorter bayonet is a SG 84/98 n.A. (new type) with fireguard and sawback and was issued with a steel scabbard. The blade on this example was made by Gebrüder Heller in Marienthal. The other marking to the reverse of the blade is a crowned ERFURT mark, where the weapon was produced. This example has no date stamp to the spine of the blade. The grips are of fine walnut. In the course of the war the Allies threatened to kill all prisoners who were found carrying sawback weapons, so the Germans began to withdraw these and file the sawback down. Some photos unfortunately not very clear, the best I could do. Recommended literature: Preussisch-Deutsche Seitengewehre 1807-1945 by Rudiger Franz, Journal-Verlag Schwend, 1994 (appearing in several volumes) 1884/98 old type, 2 examples, blades of varying lenghts, original leather scabbards as before, and centre - M.1871/84, scabbard missing, I.R.31 M.84/98 old type, two examples: first one mismatched - 18.R.7.x? and scabbard: 63.R. 9. 35 Second: 16 R.3.134 - Inf.-Regt.16 3. Kompagnie, weapon no.134 R = Regiment, French styled R = Reserve-Regiment+ The original numbering has been officially deleted (always still legible) for a change of weapon number! 84/98 old type, one example with crown and Erfurt mark Both blades with W and (18)87, one with RC for Revisions-Commission 2 examples M.1898/05, leather scabbard, dated 1914 and steel scabbard, 1915, first type with reduced ring lugs and without flashguard 1898/05, older type with reduced ring lugs but with later steel scabbard, 1915 - without flashguard 1898/05 with dates, 1914, 1915 and 1916 M.98/05 with various makers M.98/05 with sawback, with flashguard and steel scabbard, 1916 M.84/98 new pattern with sawback and flashguard, undated, steel scabbard M.71/84 and 84/98 new pattern with flashguard and sawback with crowned Erfurt stamp 1884/98 new pattern with flashguard and sawback with makers mark: Gebr.Heller, Marienthal, crossguard stamped with number 1871/84 with maker mark: Weyersberg, Kirschbaum & Cie., Solingen - crossguard stamped: 31.R.6.25 -Infanterie-Regt.31, 6. Komp., weapon number 25
  7. Here, a selection of belt buckles of the main German states, M.1915, all in fieldgrey. Note the differences between the three various crowns. Prussia / GOTT MIT UNS Bavaria / IN TREUE FEST Saxony / PROVIDENTIAE MEMOR Württemberg / FÜRCHTLOS UND TREW Other German states had their own patterns, such as Hessen, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Saxony also had further variations for I.R. 107 and 108, and for Leib-Grenadier-Regt.100. The new buckles were made by a variety of manufacturers using Siemens-Martin Stahlblech (a patent), which was zinc coated and then finished in field grey. Further photos of 2 examples of Saxon buckles M.1895, brass with nickel centre.
  8. A pair of rear tunic buttons (belt hooks) worn on the M.1915 Bluse or blouse as per the regulations of September 1915. The Bluse had at the front concealed buttons, the only insignia buttons were on the shoulder straps with a company number, the side pockets and the two over the rear vents, serving as belt hooks. These were made of zinc galvanised steel, and were finished in either grey for the previous silver colour, or brown for the previous copper bronze colour. This set of buttons was obtained from a militaria dealer in the antiques passage in the centre of East Berlin (formerly Clara-Zetkin-Straße) in early 2006. As they are in the grey colour, they can be attributed to either 1.Foot Guards, Garde-Füsilier-Regt., 5. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß, or Garde-Pionier-Bataillon, but as the Garde-Füsilier-Regt. was stationed nearby, it is probable that they can be attributed to this regiment N.B.: The 1915 tunic or Bluse is often incorrectly referred to as "Feldbluse" in collectors' circles. This latter term only applies to uniforms of the Weimar period and Third Reich. In official period literature this was the "Bluse".
  9. A wartime worn k.u.k. Austrian Steyr-Mannlicher M.1895 bayonet, standard use for the Austrian Army in World War I. The Steyr-Mannlicher rifle and carbine remained after W.W.1 in use with the Army of the First Republic till the annexation in March 1938. It was supposedly also re-issued to the Wehrmacht during W.W.2. The scabbard on this example has most of its wartime olivegreen paint finish, with some traces of light rust. There are the typical markings to the blade and scabbard hook as used during the monarchy period. On the blade is to one side: OE over WG, to the reverse is a small imperial eagle mark, same marks on the scabbard hook. To the top of the pommel is a stamped 47R mark, presumably k.u.k. Infantry Regt.47*. To one side of the hilt is stamped 45, presumably an inventory number for the weapon. Becoming scarce. * k.u.k. Infanterie-Regiment Graf von Beck-Rzikowsky Nr.47 Stamp mark OEWG for the Austrian made bayonets (Steyr). The Hungarian examples were marked FGGY (Budapest) Both parts stamped with Imperial eagle Pommel end with 47R for Infanterie-Regiment 47 One photo shows a scene from the Isonzo Front, soldiers carrying the M.95 carbine and bayonet, and an example of the carbine (Gebirgskarabiner or Repetierstutzen), which was popular with mountain troops. (Museum Festung Hohensalzburg)
  10. One badge, which has always been in my father's possession is the badge of the Ausralian Commonwealth Military Forces - a bronze example from WW1. It had belonged to his uncle - I think his name was Hughes, and he served in the Australian Army during WW1, unforunately, have no record of service. The second badge I purchased myself, a similar one had been worn by my uncle, John St.Claire Clarke, born in 1897 at The Cottage, Antrim. He had served with the North Irish Horse as a volunteer from 1915-1917, and had been invalided out, as far as I know. Unfortunately, I never saw any of his souvenirs of that service. My aunt always wanted to give me his medals and the two polished brass shellcases, which had been on the mantlepiece for many years. After my aunt passed away in 1979, we never came across said articles. Don't know what happened there. However, still have some of his papers, including a medical record from leaving Colonial Service in British West Africa, as a Colonial Officer, he had been infected with Malaria. That was in the 1920s in the postwar period. He was later an official in the Bank of England in London, thereafter, an official in local government offices in Stormont, N.I., until his retirement in 1962. The copies of the typed reference of service read: No.H./71701 Corporal Clarke, J.St.C. served in the unit under my command for a period of two years, duing that time he was Honest, Sober, and hardworking and a good disciplinarian; his educational qualities were very good, his conduct during the whole of his service was exemplary. (Signed) H. Maude, Colonel Commanding North Irish Horse Antrim, 4: 3: 1919 I always wanted to find out more about his service record. Apparently many records were destroyed during the "Blitz" in 1940. Some however have been restored, the damage was apparently not as total as originally estimated. I wonder which medals he had, possibly the War Medal, the Victory Medal, The 1914/15 Star, maybe the King's Badge and possibly more??? Does anyone perhaps have any more information on this subject?
  11. Hello Everyone, I’m new to this. I’ve got a few questions about a helmet I bought many years ago. It has a new liner (reproduction) but I’d like to be sure what the shell is. I found it in the US. It seems to be a First World War Brodie. Reading this forum was very helpful. There's a wealth of expertise here! So here’s what I noticed: • It has the split pins to attach chin strap and the liner, with soldered hoops. The hoops came with the helmet. • The paint looks very original, with brush marks, and some attempt at camouflage. It has the sandy finish. • A stamping appears on the inner rim. It seems to be 118 and then it has a large I with a 4 and another large I. I hope the pictures show what I mean. • The brown felt pad at the top seems to have a rubber donut under it, as far as my prying fingers can tell, which would make it 1917 or later, I think? Any advice is most gratefully accepted. Best wishes, Allan
  12. A few items of Imperial Russian Militaria from the times dating till 1917. I had quite a few items in the old days, these are all that remain, apart from a belt buckle, later to follow. Cockades in the Tsarist Romanow colours for the peaked or peakless field cap or the Papaschka (fur cap worn in the Winter). The cockade on the left is for officers, and for other ranks on the right. A further item is a French manufactured Russian Imperial emblem for the M.1915 Adrian helmet, with almost all of its orginal khaki finish. Only about 300.000 of these helmets were delivered to the Russian army and these were mostly worn on the Mesopotamian Front. Quite rare. This example came from an antique shop near the university in Hamburg many years ago. Just a surprise find. The last item is a single shoulder strap for an officer, Подпору́чик - Podporuchik (Unterleutnant) of Leib Grenadier Regiment 113, which bears the monogram of Tsar Nikolai II. This regiment was based in Kronstadt in the present day Baltic States. The button on this example is missing, but has been replaced by an Imperial Eagle originating from such a button. After the October Revolution in 1917 all symbols were removed from the uniforms. Many regiments had mutinied against the Tsar and went over to the Bolscheviks.
  13. Field grey infantry peaked cap with patent leather strap. Cap could be either for Hessen, I.R. 115, 116, 117, 118 or 168. In very clean, fresh condition, fine doeskin cloth, brown waxcloth sweatband, slight traces of wear to inside, only very slight traces of mothing, ca. 1914-16 - over 100 years old. Purchased in early 1968 in Londons Portobello Road for only 5 pounds!
  14. A good example of a Prussian Artillery officer's peaked cap for garrison wear, dating from around 1915/16. This has a stiffened top in fine lightweight fieldgrey ribbed cloth. The band is of black velvet, as were all officer's facings when black. Crown and and band are piped in bright red, the peak of black lacquered vulcan fibre, the peak inner is lacquered fieldgrey. As from September 1915 peaks were to be lacquered fieldgrey, but this was seldom followed. The sweat band is of flimsy light grey waxcloth, the lining is of light grey ribbed silk, with much staining and slight shredding, handwritten name : Tode. Both the Reichskokarde over the Prussian cockade. This cap was also for pioniers, technical and aviation troops, as well as field and foot artillery. A foam rubber strip has been inserted under the crown to keep it in shape (easily removed). Obtained many years ago from a Hamburg militaria dealer around 1979.
  15. An old photo of a Bavarian Infantry Officer tunic in fieldgrey. The rank is Hauptmann, the shoulder straps in the Bavarian colours and in the matt world war version, have a red underlay for the Bavarian 2nd Armee Korps or 2nd Reserve Korps. There is a matt gilt cypher as a Roman "II". Not quite sure of the significance, but definitely infantry because of the "Brandenburg cuffs" worn by such. Could well be an Offizier zur Disposition on the staff of the II. Armee-Korps, or a Reserve Officer in such, has however the rank of Hauptmann with 2 pips. This is a relatively lightweight gabardine type material with the regulation red piping, the buttons have the Bavarian lion pattern in a matt bronze finish. The tunic can be dated as between 1910 and 1915, as after September 1915 almost all infantry generally had a white piped underlay to the shoulder boards. Has only relatively light wear for age. There are also four loops to upper breast for a long medal bar. Have not been able to research this so far, there could be several possiblities as to the wearer. Purchased from Chris Farlowe around 1971. With correct Bavarian officer belt (Feldbinde) on pebbled brown leather belt complete with both loops and the buckle with a matt grey finish. The cap is not quite matching, as it has the Prussian cockade. All fieldgrey uniforms are now rare to find. They were already very rare in the early 1970s. Purchased from Chris Farlowe in Islington, Autumn 1971
  16. Garde-Ulanen Tschapka, fieldgrey A fine example of a field grey Garde-Ulanen Tschapka by Manuacturer Maury & Co. in Mainz, dated 1915 The condition is almost mint. The Tschapka has a removable mortarboard of blackened, pressed iron. Steel fittings with fieldgrey finish. The chinstrap has suffered from what is known as american dry rot and has lost a lot of its original deep brown finish, leaving the reddish brown leather exposed. Liner is pale brown with original drawstring in mint condition. Reichs cockade and National Feldzeichen both original. The emblem is the guard eagle with star, smaller than on infantry helmets, which was always the case with Ulan headdress. From an auction in Southern Germany in 1987, this helmet is depicted in the standard work Militaria by Jan Kube, published by Podzun-Pallas Verlag in 1987, p.100 There were three regiments of this kind: 1.Garde-Ulanen-Regiment, Potsdam, raised February 1819 2.Garde-Ulanen-Regiment, Berlin, raised February 1819 3.Garde-Ulanen-Regiment, Potsdam, raised 7th May 1860
  17. 2 British postcards with Christmas Greetings, undated, unwritten, WW1 period A Queen Mary Christmas Fund gift for the troops, Christmas 1914, gilt brass cigarette tin, which once contained cigarettes or tobacco, a greeting card from Queen Mary with portrait., now empty. A cigar case, black-lacquered iron with a medallion portrait to top left corner of Crownprince Wilhelm. To the rear of the tin is a silver inlaid inscription,V. Armee - Weihnachten 1916 Kronprinz Wilhelm was nominal commander of the Armeegruppe Kronprinz in the Verdun area. Slight damage to one edge of portrait. A few items with a Christmas spirit.
  18. Officer losses: Originally a newspaper cutting from an early post-WW1 newspaper, discovered in an old book. This is an epitaph to all officers of Ostpreußisches Grenadier-Regiment No. 3, who fell in the 1914-1918 war. The regiment was based in Königsberg i./Pr., present day Russia. The document is undersigned in the Name of the Officer Corps of the former Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich Wilhelm I. (Ostprpeuß.) No.3 van den Bergh - Oberst und Regimentskommandeur - The losses listed are officers only. Apart from this, over 5.490 ncos and other ranks fell. Exact date of newspaper cutting cannot be assessed, probably early to mid 1920s. Two photos, due to length.
  19. Various German helmet covers as from 1892: First model helmet cover with attached spike and leather spike lining, brass hooks, no numbers, very pale sandy rush coloured material Wartime model, 1914/15, a slightly taller, non removable spike, the peak has squared corners, possibly for a Bavarian nco, green wartime numbers -23- re-attached, iron hooks, side-slits for chinstrap. 2 helmet covers from estate of same wearer - older light sandy colour with dark red numerals -151- inner red band for reversal for wear on manoeuvres if required, brass attachment hooks, one of which is missing. Further cover in mixed colours more of a fieldgrey with bright red numerals -151- Inside is a red manoeuvre band, DRP patent flaps to front and rear, typical of later officers covers. Definitely early WW1 period for so-called Ausmarschuniform 1914. Further pictures show the manoeuvre bands inside. J.R. 151 was part of the 37. Div., and was based in Sensburg, II. Btl., in Bischofsburg in East Prussia, and took part in the Battle of Tannenberg in Autumn 1914 remaining on the Eastern Front till December 1917, when it was transferred to the Western Front, taking part in the battles in the Champagne region in Spring of 1917, later involved in the fighting in the Verdun area in August and September 1918. Helmet cover after September 1915, with separate spike, now missing, for Infanterie-Regt. 116, green numerals original machine-stiched, mixed greygreen fabric with leather-reinforced side slits. J.R. 116 was involved in the heavy battles at Verdun in 1916. Helmet cover 1897-1914 - with red cloth numerals for Grenadier-Regiment 5, as worn at outbreak of war. In 1892 cloth covers were introduced for manoevre and field wear. As from 22. March 1897 red numbers were introduced for all headdress, excluding Guards regiments, which bore no number. In Spring 1914 numbers were to be changed to green. Since the outbreak of hositilies, orders were sometimes given to remove the numbers in the field, counter-orders stated to re-place the numerals, there was a lot of confusion on this, sometimes the numbers were then painted or stencilled back on. German = Helmüberzug, (pl.: Helmüberzüge)
  20. Unteroffizier Ernst Weckerling from Füsilier-Regiment 80, born 1897
  21. Helmet cockades (Landeskokarden): Infanterie-Regiment Bremen (Hanseatisches) No.75 Infanterie-Regiment Hamburg (2.Hanseatisches) No.76 Infanterie-Regiment Lübeck (3.Hanseatisches) No.162, officer Shoulder pieces M.1915 for a Leutnant, Infanterie-Regiment 76, typical broad version ca. 1916 The uniform was as per the Prussian regulations, the helmet plate was the normal Prussian heraldic eagle, the cockade was the only individual national identity in the case of these regiments. Militärkonvention with Prussia, dating from 1867. Prior to this each of the Hanseatic States had their own Bürgerwehr or Bürgergarde. During the Napoleonic Wars they had formed a joint Hanseatic Legion. Since 1871 these regiments belonged to the IX. Armee Korps, with headquarters in Altona. Various cockades and buttons, German States, mostly Prussia, the first two, top left, are Deutsches Reich, worn above the Landeskokarde. The example with a red Maltese cross is for an officer of I.R.76
  22. Examples of a Bugle and a flute as issued to company musicians in the field. The Bugle - Signalhorn M.1889 has maker marks of Philipp Reichel, Markneukirchen, 1915. To the front is a medallion bearing the Prussian heraldic eagle with sceptre and sword. There are two suspension rings for attaching a dark red leather adjustable strap with a sliding buckle. The bugle was always worn with a covering of red felt wrappings, later fieldgrey. This item was restored by a wind instrument maker, and this cost more than the item itself. This item was carried by buglers in the foot regiments. Cavalry trumpets were longer. A company in the field had several buglers. A bugler accompanied the commanding officers in the field to transmit signals for advance, retreat, etc. A drummer was also always present, to give the march tempo. A flute - Flöte, wooden with end pieces made of Zinc, normally of white metal. and manufactured by Philipp Reichel, Markneukirchen in 1917. This bears the makers mark, with the date stamp and an Imperial Eagle. These were always carried in a cylindrical leather container attached to the belt. This instrument was also issued to each bugler, so that marches and military music could be played on the march, together with drummers. Virtually Unchanged since the 18th Century. These instruments were also used by the Wehrmacht. Markneukirchen in Thüringen is still today, a centre for the (cottage-industry) manufacture of traditional music instruments. Last illustration depicts the flute in it's belt-container and the (old pattern) bugle as worn with strap and covering. Illustration and text from "Das Deutsche Reichsheer" by Krickel & Lange, Berlin o.J. (1892)
  23. Shoulder strap, September 1915 for Feldartillerie-Regiment Prinzregent Luitpold von Bayern (Magdeburgisches) No.4 based in Magdeburg, raised 1814. As from September 1915 shoulder straps for all field artillery units were bright red. Backing in fieldgrey. Below the crowned monogram of PRL is a flaming artillery grenade. Prinzregent Luitpold ruled Bavaria from 1886 till 1912 (Interregnum). The regiment belonged to the IV. A.K. (Prussia) Shoulder strap, 1914/15 for 1.Feldartillerie-Regiment Prinzregent Luitpold (Bavaria) based in München, raised 1824 and belonged to the I. Bavarian Armee Korps. After the outbreak of war, some shoulder straps were subject to simpified manufacture and without piping. On rough stonegrey serge. Monogram PRL slightly faded, damage to crown. The Bavarian artillery regiments wore no grenade on shoulder straps Königlich Bayerisches 1. Feldartillerie-Regiment Prinz-Regent Luitpold, Einjährig-Freiwilliger
  24. Muzzle cover - Mündungsschoner for a WW1 Gew 98 rifle. Strangely enough this will not fit the WW1 Kar 98a, but only the G.98 (and also WW2 K.98) Unlike the mass-produced WW2 examples, this is a piece that is manufactured with ultimate precision, just like a fine weapon, so is not just a cheap throwaway accessory. Theoreticly every G.98 should have had one of these. The muzzle front has a hinged flap, to enable the rifle to be fired without removing the cover. A steel arch fits neatly over the front sight, without hindering the aim. To the rear is a concealed spring fitting, enabling the object to be set on the barrel/front sight, or again to be removed. There are two small arsenal markings on the back of the arch, a crowned B cypher and below this, a T, significance of which I do not know. Some slight rust staining in places. These are sometimes seen in WW1 photographs. The Mündungsschoner protected the muzzle not just against rain and dirt, but could also prevent physical damage to same. A rare accessory for the G.98 and hard to obtain. First one I have seen so-far, and in my possession for several years now.
  25. Two British WW1 On War Service Badges, version 1914 and 1915. These were for munitions and other indispensible workers, who for the moment were not to be conscripted, although conscription was not introduced till Janaury 1916. This was for other moral reasons, as often young men of military service age, when seen in civilian dress seemed morally obliged to volunteer for active service. A further badge was introduced in 1916, triangular in shape. Each badge had a serial number to the rear. The 1915 badge is accompanied by a souvenir postcard depicting that emblem. The card is titled with "Hearty Greetings" - "From a Munition worker - Helping to carry on". The text starts with: "This is Badge proves I'm a worker, Who can ne'er be dubbed a shirker, And my output proves that I have put on speed, So with pride my Badge I'll wear To prove I do my share - For Country and the Lads, when they're in need." Unfortunately, again poor photo quality.
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