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  1. Some more detailed photos of this helmet. The Württemberg cockade is a simple copy, all other parts original. The inside has an aluminium reinforcement to the crown. Older style of liner.
  2. Shown is an officers helmet, basic pattern for Grenadier Regiments 1-12, except for G.R. 1,4,7 and 9, which wore helmets with the Grenadier eagle, old or new pattern and with battle honours etc. The old pattern eagle shown is pre 1913. The new pattern eagle was introduced gradually for all regiments between 1897 and 1913. Shown is the old pattern heraldic eagle with an oval FWR shield on the breast. The helmet is presumably from Grenadier-Regiment König Friedrich I. (4. Ostpreussisches) No.5, based in Danzig, as it came complete with cloth cover and red regimental number. The eagle displays a very fine quality fire-gilding. Inside is the normal officers type lining in leather and ribbed silk, the front peak is lined in green leather, the rear peak in red leather, which was standard for officer helmets. This example could be dated as around 1897-1910, probably the latter, as the spike is relatively tall. Correction: Title of Regiment should read: Grenadier-Regt. König Friedrich I. (4.Ostpreussisches) No.5 - based in Danzig. Friedrich I was the first King of Prussia since it's establishment in 1701. This cover came with the helmet, however, this is an other ranks' issue, but may have been worn with such
  3. A pair of rear tunic buttons (belt hooks) worn on the M.1915 Bluse or blouse as per the regulations of September 1915. The Bluse had at the front concealed buttons, the only insignia buttons were on the shoulder straps with a company number, the side pockets and the two over the rear vents, serving as belt hooks. These were made of zinc galvanised steel, and were finished in either grey for the previous silver colour, or brown for the previous copper bronze colour. This set of buttons was obtained from a militaria dealer in the antiques passage in the centre of East Berlin (formerly Clara-Zetkin-Straße) in early 2006. As they are in the grey colour, they can be attributed to either 1.Foot Guards, Garde-Füsilier-Regt., 5. Garde-Regiment zu Fuß, or Garde-Pionier-Bataillon, but as the Garde-Füsilier-Regt. was stationed nearby, it is probable that they can be attributed to this regiment N.B.: The 1915 tunic or Bluse is often incorrectly referred to as "Feldbluse" in collectors' circles. This latter term only applies to uniforms of the Weimar period and Third Reich. In official period literature this was the "Bluse". The "Bluse" replaced the previous "Waffenrock". The 1915 pattern buttons had a brown or grey finish in place of the previous gold or silver metal colours, Tombak / Nickel
  4. Kürassier-Regiment Königin (Pommersches) Nr. 2, based in Pasewalk, II. Armee-Korps last of the series of peacetime quality by C.E. Juncker, Berlin, 1915 Maker's stamp: C:E.Juncker, 1915 Ringkragen for the entire Regiment, introduced 1895. Other Ranks' version. Private purchase peaked cap, premitted only for walking-out dress, this example early to mid-war, relatively poor quality materials Kürassier high boots ( so-called "Kanonenröhre" or "Brandenbourgs"), private purchase quality, complete with both spurs, however, the broad leather flaps covering the upper spur straps, are missing. All original leather soles, no horrible post WW2 rubber fitted. Noticeable is the lack of studs or heel irons, as would be found on ordonnance issue. The uppers of the heel have the so-called Sporenleder, as with most cavalry boots of the period, to prevent the spurs slipping under the heels. Kartuschkasten for Kürassiere and Dragoner. Kürassier-Regiment 2 had a slightly smaller medallion, with a flaming grenade to each side left and right. Sword belt as worn by Kürassier- and Dragoner-Regiments So-called "Reservisten-Pallasch", private purchase presentation piece with Regimental inscription and trophy engraving. Shorter and lighter than the regulation weapon. Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria in the uniform of the regiment Kronprinz Wilhelm in the uniform of the Regiment
  5. Regiment der Garde du Corps. Ringkragen for other ranks, introduced 24. January 1912, on the 200th anniversary of the birth of Friedrich II. Maker's mark C.E. Juncker, no further marks. Two of the fixing post screws are missing. Worn when the Kürass was not worn. When the Küraß was worn, the centre piece was from this shield was bolted on. Garde du Corps wearing the 1814 presentation Kürass (donated to the Regiment by Tsar Aleksandr I.), worn only once a year, here with the 1912 emblem from the Ringkragen. Kürassier-Regiment Königin (Pommersches) Nr. 2. Introduced for the entire regiment in 1895. Kürassier-Regiment Königin (Pommersches) Nr. 2 Kürassier-Regiment von Driesen (Westf.) Nr.4 Regiment der Gardes du Corps, dark blue backing for the service tunic (Waffenrock), Garrison: Potsdam Kürassier-Regiment Kaiser Nikolaus I. von Russland (Brandenburgisches) No.6.Garrison: Brandenburg/Havel Tsar Nikolaus I. (1825-1855) had been honorary commander-in-chief of the regiment. The monogram was kept as a perpetual tradition till the end of the monarchy and disbandment of the regiment after November 1918. Kürassier-Regiment Graf Gessler (Rheinisches) Nr. 8, Deutz With name label of wearer, Kürassier Kalsbach, Ersatz Eskadron. King George V. of England was commander in chief of the Regiment till August 1914. Worn 1911 till 1914. Kartuschkasten, Kürassier-Regiment Großer Kurfürst (Schlesisches) Nr. 1, medallion is a copy Kartuschkasten, Kürassier-Regimenter 3-5, 7 and 8, long version for pistol ammunition Shoulder straps for the greatcoat (backing is grey) for other ranks and n.c.o. of "1. Garde Dragoner-Regiment Königin Viktoria von Grossbritannien und Irland" - Garrison: Berlin. Last Commander in Chief was George V., King of Great Britain and Ireland, Emperor of India, and he wore the Regimental uniform whilst visiting his regiment in Berlin or during Royal Visits, the last of which was during the wedding of Vikoria Luise with Ernst August of Braunschweig in 1913. Regiment was originally raised in 1815 as Garde-Dragoner-Regiment. In 1860, a further regiment was raised. The older regiment received the title of 1. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment. By order of Kaiser-Wilhelm, the regiment received it's last title and honours on 17. December 1899. The yellow monogram on the red shoulder straps was for Queen Victoria of Great Britain and Ireland, in honour of the Kaiser's grandmother. The regiment retained this monogram till the very end, when it was disbanded after December 1918. Some n.c.o.s and volunteers were re-called to put down uprisings in some cities, including Berlin in the months after the war. The regiment saw similar service as most of the cavalry regiments, beginning the war in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Ardennes and to the Marne. After the retreat, the regiment went into the line at Arras and on the Somme. The Regiment was sent to the Eastern Front in 1915, via Galicia to Russia, and took part in the general pursuit and the defeat of the Brussilow Offensive, then being sent to the trenches at the Pripjet Front. In November 1916 the various squadrons were sent to various infantry divisions, as Divisional Cavalry. In the course of the year 1917 all the squadrons came to the Western Front, where they took part in the fighting till the end in 1918. From the end of November till December 1918 the regiment returned to Berlin, where it was disbanded. The tradition of the regiment was carried on by 1st Squadron of Reiter-Regiment No.9 in Fürstenwalde To people in England the monogram may well look familiar. It is in fact the monogram VRI under the British Crown for Queen Victoria. Sister Regiment was the 2. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Russland. These monograms were worn to the very end, up till the disbanding of the Regiments, 1918/19. 2. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Russland (3rd Squadron), Gefreiter. Regiment based in Berlin. The regiment was raised in 1860, it later bore the mongram of the Empress Alexandra of Russia, who was honorary Colonel in Chief since 1896. It took part in the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866 and reached Vienna. In 1870 it took part in the battles of Vionville, Mars la Tour, Gravelotte and St. Privat, as well as at Sedan and the encirclement of Paris. It saw action on the Eastern Front in 1916 , and 3 squadrons of the regiment were sent to France in 1917 and saw service as divisional cavalry between the front lines and the rear areas. Disbanded after return to Berlin in November-December 1918. The tunic is of a darker shade of cornflower blue with red facings, white metal buttons and white Gardelitzen and has additionally a silver braid chevron on the right sleeve for good lance fencing. ------------------- Uniform Ensemble for Dragoner-Regiment Freiherr von Manteuffel (Rheinisches) Nr. 5, stationed in Hofgeismar since 1875, XI. Armee-Korps. Raised on 7. May 1860. Prinz Alfons von Bayern was honorary Commander in Chief. 1864 War against Denmark. Regiment to Schleswig-Holstein, in garrison at Flensburg and Hadersleben 1866 As part of the Army of the Main under General von Manteuffel, 29.June 1866 Langensalza, 02.August 1866 occupation of Würzburg 1870/71 Sedan, Paris, Loire 1914 Protection of borders and railways in Eastern Belgium 1915 Eastern Front, Baltic, Vilna 1916 Russian Poland,Roumania 1917 Western Front, patrols on border with Holland, then infantry training to rear of Siegfried Line in France 1918 Eastern Front, Galicia, Ukraine November 1918-February 1919, fighting retreat from Ukraine back to Hofgeismar, arriving on 24. February 1919, when the regiment was demobilised and disbanded. The tradition of the Regiment was carried on by 2. Esk./Reiter-Regiment 16 in Hofgeismar. Private purchase other ranks' cap, white silk liner with handwritten name: Gerlach Other ranks' private purchase tunic. Official colour was "cornflower blue", which was often lighter or darker shades of blue. D.R.1, D.R.5 and D.R.13 wore red facings. On right arm is a proficiency stripe for lance practice. (Below this are some traces of professional invisible mending - expensive, but recommended!) Shoulder detail with buttons for 2. Eskadron and regimental number. Small rank buttons (25mm) on collar for Gefreiter All dragoon regiments wore the Swedish cuff. The bottom of the tunic was not seamed or hemmed, as it was of excellent cloth. Officers' tunics were sometimes with a stiched edge hem Tunic rear with waist buttons and skirting detail Older M.1860/67 helmet for regiments with white metal fittings, the chinscales were always brass, the rosettes here silver Old type chinscale fittings pre 1894, only one cocade was worn till 1897. On 22.3.1897 the Reichskokarde, black-white-red, was introduced for the entire army One large Prussian cockade to the right side Name tag with entry: Einj.-Freiw. Woge, 5. Eskadron. Kartuschkasten as worn by Dragoner and Kürassiere. Reverse with attachments for white leather shoulder bandelier. Wide version for pistol ammunition. Kavallerie-Oberkoppel - Sword belt worn by most mounted troops with the exception of Husars and Ulans. Private purchase example, white patent leather with a lining of fine light grey cloth, this with ageing, yellowing and some moth damage, the brass buckle with patent hook release to rear. White leather equipment was otherwise white buckskin or whitened buff leather (geweißtes, lohgar gegerbtes Leder). With sword hanger and brass hooked chain. Leutnant, Dragoner-Regiment König Carl von Rumänien (Hannoversches) Nr. 9 Rittmeister, Thüringisches Ulanen-Regiment 6. Monogram is of König Christian IX. von Dänemark, who was honorary chief. Westälisches Dragoner-Regiment No.7 Dragoner-Regiment König Albert von Sachsen (Ostpreussisches) No. 10, fieldgrey 1914/15. Regimental colour: White, early example economy pattern 3. Schlesisches Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 15, last garrison in Hagenau/Alsace, XV. Armee-Korps. Honorary colonel in chief was Prinz Ludwig Ferdinand von Bayern. Last commander of the Regiment: Oberstleutnant von Abercron. Raised in October 1866 in Groß-Strehlitz in Schlesien 1870/71 Border skirmishes in Lorraine, over Rheims to siege of Paris, where it remained till the capitulation of Paris at end of January 1871. On 1. March 1871 entry into Paris. May-July 1871 into garrison at Hagenau. 1914 After the outbreak of war the Regiment was involved in border clashes in Lorraine., after which it was transferred to the right flank of the front up to Lille. From the end of December 1914 till end of October 1915 back to Lorraine, where it remained on the army reserve. Till October 1916 it saw service on the Belgian-Dutch border. October 1916 - January 1917 campaign against Roumania January 1917 - April 1917 securing the Siegfried Line in the West May 1917 training within the 7. Kavallerie-Division on the Vosges Front , turning the division into a Kavallerie-Schützen-Division for trench warfare. The horses were withdrawn and the regiment received infantry weapons. July 1918 Regiment took part in defensive battles on the Western Front as "Schützen-Bataillon Dragoner 15" The remains of the regiment were sent to Alsace 1n October 1918 for replenishing, the war ending in November. On 12. November the regiment began it's march over the Rhein and was disarmed in Blodelsheim, then being disbanded in Rotenburg a.d. Fulda. The tradition of the Regiment was carried on by A-Squadron of Reiter-Regiment 8 in Brieg. Pink facings with white piping to collar and cuffs, the shade of cornflower blue is darker than average. The tunic is of an older style with larger buttons and thicker piping, certainly well before 1900. Right arm has proficiency stripe for lance fencing. Shoulder detail with hand embroidered regimental number and shoulder button of 3. Eskadron, lowest rank of private, Dragoner Swedish cuffs, as worn by all Dragoon regiments, facing and button colour varied according to regiment. Regiments 13, 14, 15 and 16 all had white piped collar and cuffs to distinguish them from the older regiments. Rear skirting detail and waist buttons. 1. Großherzoglich Mecklenburgisches Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 17 A matching pair of shoulder straps for 1. Württembergisches Dragoner-Regiment Königin Olga Nr. 25 Large format, backing in grey serge (steingrau) with retaining lashes, most likely for the greatcoat. Slight moth damage to one crown, and some reddish staining. The regiment was based at Cannstatt, near Stuttgart. A matching pair of shoulder straps for other ranks and n.c.o. of Dragoner-Regiment König (2. Württembergisches) No. 26 Commander in Chief: König Wilhelm II. von Württemberg, K.H. Garrison: Cannstatt bei Stuttgart. Regiment was raised in December 1805. It's last title was given 0n 23rd December 1891 The uniform was light blue with yellow facings and white metal buttons. A dragoon helmet with Württemberg emblem and cockade was worn, for parades with a black horsehair plume. The shoulder strap bore the monogram of König Wilhelm II. of Württemberg. The regiment took part in frontier skirmishes on 20th August 1914 in Lothringen (Lorraine). In September it was moved to Northern France for the encirclement of the left flank of the enemy, reaching Compiègne, just 65 km from Paris. End of October the regiment took part in fighting at Lille and Ypres. On 15th November the regiment was again sent to Lorraine. As from January 1915 the regiment stood in the Vosges. As from October 1915 till October 1916 it stood at the border between Belgium and Holland. Thereafter being sent to Roumania in a mobile cavalry role, where it took part in fighting under difficult climatic conditions in the Vulcan Mountains, reaching Kronstadt in January 1917. On the 27th January it was again sent to the West, arriving in Belgium in February 1917. The horses were at first withdrawn from the regiment and again finally at the end of 1917. The regiment was re-trained as infantry in the Vosges and placed under the command of a cavalry division. and finally renamed Dragoner-Bataillon 26/41 As from August 1918 it took part in the great defensive battles in the West. On the 30th October 1918 the remains of the regiment were withdrawn from the front and removed to Alsace untill the end of the war. The march home begann on the 12th November 1918, the last Königs-Dragoner entered Cannstatt and were warmly welcomed. Not everywhere were the troops welcomed - they were often shot at, attacked or insulted by civilians.
  6. Hauptkadettenanstalt, 3. Kompagnie Tunic for a 12-16 year old boy cadet. Dark blue cloth, fieldgrey lining as from 1915, red collar and swedish cuffs with yellow Gardelitzen, white shoulder straps and buttons of 3. Komp. Buttons are not gilded and had to be regularly polished. The tunic looks unworn and fresh, a couple of small repairs to sleeve. Helmet worn was the helmet for Gardeinfanterie with flat chinscales, for special occasions, a black plume was worn, white leather belt and equipment. H
  7. Garde-Jäger-Bataillon, Potsdam, errichtet 1744 Early tunic, ca. 1900. Dunkelgrünes Tuch, rote, Schwedische Aufschläge mit gelben Gardelitzen: Schulterklappen, rot mit Knöpfen der 2. Kompagnie. Eigentumsstück in hervorragendem Zustand.
  8. Here, a selection of belt buckles of the main German states, M.1915, all in fieldgrey. Note the differences between the three various crowns. Prussia / GOTT MIT UNS Bavaria / IN TREUE FEST Saxony / PROVIDENTIAE MEMOR Württemberg / FÜRCHTLOS UND TREW (treu) Other German states had their own patterns, such as Hessen, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Saxony also had further variations for I.R. 107 and 108, and for Leib-Grenadier-Regt.100. The new buckles were made by a variety of manufacturers using Siemens-Martin Stahlblech (a patent), which was zinc coated and then finished in field grey. Improved pictures, 27.6.2020: Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony. The reverse of Bavarian buckle has been overpainted by a previous collector. Saxon buckle has some old pitting above the crown, some original finish remaining. Further 2 examples of Saxon buckles M.1895, brass with nickel centre.
  9. A tunic for Gefreiter of 2. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Kaiserin Alexandra von Russland (3rd Squadron), Regiment based in Berlin. The regiment was raised in 1860, it later bore the mongram of the Empress Alexandra of Russia, who was honorary Colonel in Chief since 1896. It took part in the Battle of Königgrätz in 1866 and reached Vienna. In 1870 it took part in the battles of Vionville, Mars la Tour, Gravelotte and St. Privat, as well as at Sedan and the encirclement of Paris. It saw action on the Eastern Front in 1916 , and 3 squadrons of the regiment were sent to France in 1917 and saw service as divisional cavalry between the front lines and the rear areas. Disbanded after return to Berlin in November-December 1918. The tunic is of a darker shade of cornflower blue with red facings, white metal buttons and white Gardelitzen and has additionally a silver braid chevron on the right sleeve for good lance fencing. As a comparison, a further photo of shoulder straps of 1. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment "Königin Viktoria von Großbritannien" 1. Garde-Dragoner-Regiment Königin Viktoria von Großbritannien
  10. Nearly all the shoulder straps of the Old Army before 1902, as shown on these old colour plates by Moritz Ruhl of Leipzig. A few more new ones were introduced in the years following, otherwise a representative overview. All with their correct designation. Usefull information on a fascinating subject. These of course, are all other ranks' versions.
  11. Königl. 1. Sächsisches Leib-Grenadier-Regiment Nr. 100, fieldgrey 1915/16 (stitch-in type) Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 244, Leutnant, fieldgrey 1915/16 Königlich Sächsisches Leib-Grenadier-Regiment 100 (Dresden) Detail of rear skirting on Saxon uniforms, the bottom edge was also piped. Collar and shoulder details, Doppellitze With monogram FAR, Friedrich August (1904-1918), and button of 3. Kompagnie With rank button, zink, indicating that this was worn till at least 1914/15. Stamped: B.A.XII 08 (1908), 100.R. and named to Gefreiter Schwenke Other ranks' helmet of the Saxon infantry regiments, this example from G.R.101 Monogram, Wilhelm I., cord edging for one-year volunteer, button 9. Komp., lower end with red cord for Infanterie-Lehr-Bataillon, Potsdam Königlich Sächsisches 2. Grenadier-Regiment Kaiser Wilhelm I. Nr. 101, 1913 (Dresden) named to Einjährig-Freiwilliger Reißmann, 9. Kompagnie Königl. Sächsisches 3. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 102, Zittau Königl. Sächsisches 4. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 103, Bautzen Königl. Sächsisches 5. Infanterie-Regiment Kronprinz Nr. 104, Chemnitz Königl. Sächsisches 6. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 105, Straßburg/E. The red cord at the base (2 and 3) indicates: Abkommandiert zum Lehr-Infanterie-Bataillon, Potsdam Königl. Sächsisches 7. Infanterie-Regiment König Georg Nr. 106, Leipzig, fieldgrey, 1915/16 2 variations in pattern, left are stitch-on, right are stitched into the shoulder seams, probably an NCO, extra fein Königl. Sächsisches 7. Infanterie-Regiment König Georg Nr. 106, Leipzig Königl. Sächsisches 8. Infanterie-Regiment Prinz Johann Georg Nr. 107, Leipzig, one year volunteer Königl. Sächsisches Schützen- (Füsilier-) Regiment Prinz Georg Nr. 108, Dresden. Uniform dark green Königl. Sächsisches 9. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 133, Zwickau Königl. Sächsisches 10. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 134, Plauen Königl. Sächsisches 11. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 139, Döbeln Königl. Sächsisches 15. Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 181, Chemnitz / Glauchau
  12. Transferred to new article, 8.4.2021 Pre-war quality, 29mm for Sergeant, Vize-Feldwebel, Feldwebel
  13. Oberleutnant, 7. Westpreußisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 155 Garrison: I. u. II. Btl. Ostrowo, III. Btl. Pleschen, V. Armee-Korps raised 1897
  14. A private purchase dress cap for other ranks and n.c.o. of the Saxon Field and Foot Artillery Regiments. The cockades indicate a higher n.c.o. rank Similar to cap worn by Bavarian 4th Chevauleger-Regiment, difference being only the cockade. The Bavarians used also a different type of cloth, more the ribbed variety. The lining has possibly been replaced at some stage, possibly by a theater costumier, stiffener is slightly crushed. Helmet for a Reserve officer of the Saxon Field Artillery. Of very lightweight construction. Saxon officer's helmets had a front peak, which was half round, half square - halbrunder Augenschirm. Detail of Reserve cross on emblem. Kartuschkasten for Saxon Artillery and Train officers. This was worn on a gold bandelier with a red backing, to the front of the bandelier was a small crowned silver shield with the Saxon emblem. A heavy item of luxury equipment with signs of wear and age. Came from an old collection in USA. Emblem for front of Bandelier (below) Rear is backed in red facing cloth for Artillery and Train. Side panels with a Medusa's head and suspension rings for the Bandelier Underside of Kartuschkasten with closure button. A tunic of the Saxon field artillery. Main distinction is the Swedish cuff (Schwedischer Aufschlag) and the grenade symbol over the regimental number. Green with red facings were the traditional colours of the Saxon artillery. Saxon tunics were distinct with the coloured piping around the bottom edge of the tunic skirting. Note the "Kaiserpreis" on the right arm. (internet photo) Gefreiter, mounted, of Saxon Feldartillerie-Regt.12 A soldier of the Saxon Foot Artillery (right). The shoulder straps bore only the regimental number, the cuffs worn were the so-called "German Cuff", Deutscher Aufschlag. The foot artillery wore the equipment of the infantry. (internet photo) Various old photos of the Saxon artillery. Traditions Saxon Artillery today. Photo probably from the Bastion of the Fortress of Königstein. After 40 years of DDR repression, the Saxons are finding their way back to their history, traditions and inheritances. Freiherr von Pappritz, Wachtmeister with Feldartillerie-Regt.78 in Wurzen, wearing the "Kaiserpreis" on right arm. A wartime photo of Freiherr von Pappritz wearing the officer's Litewka (lightgrey or possibly fieldgrey) He was married to a young lady from Wien.
  15. German M.16 Steel Helmet This nice old helmet I acquired from a second hand shop in London on 12th September 1964 and it cost the princely sum of 40 shillings or 2 pounds. The dealer wanted originally "our price 45 bob", as they said in those days. I bargained a little, agreed on 2 pounds and left a deposit of ten shillings, and then started saving my pocket money like mad, and about one month later I paid the rest and was the pround young owner of a German Steel Helmet. At first I wondered a little at the curious shape and with the horns, but then after looking at many pictures, tv-documentaries about the Great War and WWII, I realised it was a WWI piece. Was still very proud of this old piece. The helmet in is very good condition, as fresh from the, possibly, Somme battlefields, just as brought back. Paintwork is astonishingly intact, just minor wear, the leather liner complete and fresh, just slighly wear stained. The original brass strap holders were still in place, no strap. Later learned that these straps were taken from the pickelhaube when the steel helmet was worn. The first steel helmets were left in the trenches when the troops were relieved, and these handed over to the newcomers. This helmet bears a stamp ET64 shell size 64, and produced by the Eisenhüttenwerk in Thale/Harz, one of the first manufacturers. Inside the shell is a small stamp: R/18, presumably Infanterie-Regt.18, which was based in Posen. The first steel helmets were issued for the assault on Verdun, but only in very small numbers, until gradually production capacities increased, so that most infantry had helmets by August-September 1916. The first steel helmet appeared in February 1916 in small numbers on the Verdun Front - 100 years ago
  16. An old period chart showing insignia for one year volunteers. The shoulder straps were edged with a twisted coloured cord in the colours of their state. They were usually expected to provide their own uniform and equipment, and these were often in a fine quality compared to officers items. The one year volunteers usually came from well situated families, and after qualifying in studies or a civilian profession, had the possibility of later becoming a Reserve Officer.
  17. A 1911 dated field cap for Artillery, Pionier and other technical troops of the Prussian Army. The cap is in reasonable condition for age and the considerable wear which it has been through. It has been profusely stamped with issue and re-issue marks. In Prussia nothing was ever thrown away, things were always used, repaired, reconditioned and passed on for wear by other units. The first issue marks were B.A.G.1911 and K.B.1911 and 2.Komp., which was the Bekleidungs Amt Garde for the clothing issue office, K.B. would most likely be Kraftfahr-Bataillon, which was also first raised in 1911. There is also a later stamp of Inst.Werkstatt Düsseldorf (Instandsetzungs-Werkstatt), where it would have been repaired for re-issue, various other marks and St.A.Sonnbg., which would sound like Strafanstalt Sonnenburg, which was a notorious prison (cockades would not have been worn here!). The cockades appear to have been period re-fitted, as they have the correct original coloured backing cloth behind them. The red piping has turned to a crimson tone through staining and chemical changes in the dyes. An interesting piece of history. Rare to find a stamped, issued example. Private purchase example with handwritten entry, Ersatz-Reservist Friedrichs, 1. Batterie, (Niedersächsisches) Fuß Artl. 10 as a comparison
  18. Field grey infantry peaked cap with patent leather strap. Cap could be either for Hessen, I.R. 115, 116, 117, 118 or 168. In very clean, fresh condition, fine doeskin cloth, brown waxcloth sweatband, slight traces of wear to inside, only very slight traces of mothing, ca. 1914-16 - over 100 years old. Purchased in early 1968 in Londons Portobello Road for only 5 pounds!
  19. A 1915 Infantry officer peaked fieldcap. Lacquered peak and visor strap. Mid to late war manufacture, a damast silk material has been used to make the lining. Peak is deep red inside, as also fixing ribbon to leather sweatband. Some smaller holes, silk crown lining is somewhat shot, some rust stains to outer crown. A 1915 pattern Feldmütze mit Schirm for NCOs with Hessian cockade. Fine doeskin material, with peak and strap. No internal marks. A textbook example of a 1907/15 fieldcap, Feldmütze or Krätzchen for Garde-Infanterie. 1916 dated, still of good pre-war quality. Maker's inkstamp: Thomsen and size 58 1/2 and K.B.A.G 1916, a further stamp: 3.K. F.B. Cockades were always stitched vertically, and not horizontally on original headdress! Almost mint straight from storage, purchased by my father for 4 pounds in March 1970. A well worn field cap, 1916 undated, with stamp B.J.A.III, Co.11 and size stamp 52, some further illegible stamps. B.J.A. is Bekleidungs- Instandsetzungs-Amt - here clothing was either repaired or made from scratch as required. The 3. Army Corps was for the province of Brandenburg, but was issued in Berlin. One small hole to middle of crown, some age discolouring of lining, otherwise very good condition. A well worn 1916 infantry field cap stamped B.A.VI., 1916, this being the Silesian army corps (Breslau), which normally had the Prussian cockade. Cockade is of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, which does not co-incide with the stamp. This was typical of troop movements of regiments and units or personnel being moved to other army corps. The Cockade is original period stitched, with a strip of white underlaying cloth as always. A perfect example of a 1915 infantry field cap with it's original issued "Tarnstreifen" or covering band. This of ribbed, grey woven cotton material fastened at the rear by a sliding buckle and with a buttonhole fitting concealing the cockade on the band. Issue stamp B.A.XV. (Metz / Lothringen), dated 1916 and with size stamp 56 and maker's mark: A.Grieshaber. Almost mint, slight corrosion to grey-coated sliding buckle. Certainly unworn. This was one of the first steps in rendering the 1915 uniform less conspicuous in the field. The covering band could be easily removed when required. Apparently straight from storage into an auction, purchased many years ago. A textbook example of the 1917 universal pattern fieldcap. Almost mint, possibly unissued, with a later Belgian red ink stamp of a Theater costume company from "Anvers", Antwerpen. Liner stamped with B.A.XI undated, and a maker's ink stamp "Schleiz" Gr. 54. Schleiz is a small town in Thüringen. State cockade was plain black, unpainted, as if unissued, or otherwise the paintwork has chipped off in storage through time. As originally folded. Almost mint with just one tiny pinhole. Purchased in Portobello Road in 1966 for just 1 pound and 10 shillings. Many years ago I restored the white ring on the state cockade, assuming it was Prussian issue. Remaining stocks of these caps were worn by the Reichswehr with only one cockade, and by the police for exercise dress without cockades till at least the end of the 1920s. A version of this with a soft cloth peak was also produced postwar. A formal dress peaked cap for an officer of the Prussian Artillery, etc., ca. 1915. Black velvet band and red piped. Peak inner and sweatband in regulation grey as from September 1915. Handwritten name: Tode. Silk crown liner slightly shot. Reichskokarde was missing (removed after 9. November 1918), since replaced. Artillery field cap marked to B.A.XIV 1915, Baden, but with Prussian cockade A well worn field cap of the Bavarian Artillery. Stamp of B.J.A. Augsburg (Bekleidungs-Instandsetzungs-Amt), some further washed out stamps ga and F.B., rest illegible. Some Ersatzmaterial has been used to complete the liner. Bavarian and Reichskokarde to front., ca. 1915. Reichskokarde was missing (removed after 9. November 1918), now with original correct replacement.
  20. A Feldmütze, Stallmütze or Reitmütze for cavalry, similar to infantry. As it has a squadron marking, this example does not originate from the infantry. Being dark blue and with red facings, it could only be from Ulanen-Regiments 1-8, all of which wore red facings. The cap is probably made by a regimental workshop, and the top has been made from two sections of cloth! A typical sign of thriftyness of the Prussian army. This is a typical issue example as worn in the field or in working dress. Has been folded together for many years, as was also carried in saddle pack when not worn. Cap could be folded together and stored in saddlepack when the Tschapka was worn. White cotton lining with name tag of Gefreiter Kühr, 5. Eskadron. No regimental markings. Top of cap has been made from two sections of cloth, a typical sign of thriftyness of the Prussian military. This would not be noticeable.
  21. A peaked cap for Unteroffiziere, ca. 1897-1900 in the typical low form of the period, and with the Reichskokarde for other ranks of Husaren-Regiment von Zieten (Brandenburgisches) No. 3, based in Rathenow, belonging to the III. Army Corps. At the time peaked caps were not permitted for the other ranks of the cavalry, these were first permitted as from 1912 The cap is as per the Attila (jacket), bright red, and has a darkblue band piped in white. Prussian- and Reichskokarde in ranks and n.c.o. version. The peak has been re-attached at a later date and is not originally from the period. Brown leather sweat band and cream coloured liner with silver embossed maker mark: Herm. Salender - gegenüber der Kaserne - Rathenow and has an embossed Royal Prussian coat of arms, which would deem the maker as by appointment to the royal household. In this regiment served quite a few members of the Prussian and other Royal Houses, amongst others was Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, Herzog zu Sachsen, K.H., who in 1914 changed sides, serving as Governor General of Canada, renouncing all German titles in 1917. Ernst August of Braunschweig was also "à la suite des Regiments", holding the rank of Rittmeister in 1913, when he married the daughter of the Kaiser, Viktoria Luise, Prinzessin von Preußen. Emblem for the sabretâche of most Husaren-Regiments with white facing lace.
  22. Prussian infantry other ranks' field cap. Cap band has darkened through wear and weathering, the crown piping is still almost bright red. White cotton lining with issue stamp of 3. Thüringisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr.71 - II. Bataillon, 8. Kompagnie, 1901. Stitched in cotton label with wearer's details: Musketier Witzmann, 3. Thür. Inf. Regt. 71, 8. Kompagnie. Further handwritten name: Pötsch Both cockades have been resewn at some stage, the Reichskokarde has been repainted. The I. Bataillon was stationed in Sondershausen and wore the cockade of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, white/blue. II. and III. Bataillon were stationed in Erfurt, IV. Armee-Korps. The regiment was raised in 1860. Kammerstempel, regimental details from 1901 and name label of wearer.
  23. An other ranks peaked cap for walking out dress of the Prussian Jäger-Bataillone or Garde-Jäger-Bataillon ca. 1897 or therafter. Reichskokarde has been added after 1897. Fine dark green cloth with red facings, small pressed leather peak, leather headband, interior handwritten markings, Name Groth ? I. Compagnie, no makers mark. For any of the Prussian Jäger-Bataillone, other than Jäger-Btl. 7 (Schaumburg-Lippe) and Jäger-Btl. 14 (Mecklenburg)
  24. Bavarian cap cockades: Officer Reserve-Officer Other ranks' field cap (stitched on) Pair of rank buttons for Feldwebel, M.1916, silver subdued (see previous article) Rank buttons for Gefreiter, gold, various singles, one right and two left, pre 1916 Bayern, Sergent - Feldwebel, Rangknöpfe
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