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CluelessTommy last won the day on December 9

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About CluelessTommy

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  • Birthday 04/10/2000

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    British Militaria, mainly helmets

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  1. CluelessTommy

    Naval Battle of Malaya

    Originally the carrier Illustrious was going to accompany task force Z but it ran aground before the force was assembled. No. 453 squadron RAAF was available for close air cover however were not kept in contact and were only called by repulse an hour into the attack.The reasons for this are not known but usually attributed to the fact that no capital ship had ever been lost to an attack from the air before so it was thought that they were to a certain extent invulnerable to fatal damage from air attack. As well as the belief that Japanese planes could not operate effectively so far away from land, many RN officials at the time were in a wre of the quality of Japanese torpedo bombers. The PoW was also fitted with the most advance anti-air systems at the time with the High Angle Control System which provided long range radar assisted AA fire. The HACS had been used to great effect earlier in August and September 1941. This lead to the belief that PoW was self sufficient against aircraft however due to the heat of Malaya this system was not fully functioning.
  2. CluelessTommy

    Naval Battle of Malaya

    77 years ago today the King George V class Battleship HMS Prince of Wales was sunk in the South China sea along side the Battlecruiser HMS Repulse. HMS Prince of Wales had only a short service from being completed in march 1941 to being sunk on the 10th of December 1941, however undertook many Different roles: Pursuit of the Bismarck and Prinz Eugen, North Sea, May 1941 Transport for churchill, Atlantic, August 1941 Convoy escort, Mediterranean, September 1941 Interception of Japanese forces near malaya, South China Sea, December 1941 HMS Repulse Had been in service since August 1916 and had taken part in: Second battle of Heligoland Bight, North sea, November 1917 Special service squadrons round the world cruise, International, 1923-24 Shipping escort during spanish civil war, International, 1936-39 Norwegian campaign, North/norwegian sea, April-June 1940 Troop convoy escort, Atlantic ocean, August-October 1941 On the morning of December 10th the Repulse and Prince of wales were looking for Japanese forces related to the landings at Kuantan. 05:15 -They spotted objects on the horizon, thinking these to be japanese troop ships moved towards them, these later turned out to be trawlers. 10:00 -Another british ship the Tenedos reported being under attack from Japanese aircraft. 11:13-HMS Repulse was attacked by bombers suffering only one minor hit. 11:40 -17 enemy bombers attacked both ships, 8 torpedos were launched at the PoW evasive action was taken and all but one avoided. It hit the the point where the propeller shaft exited the ship. The turbine was got turning again but as the ship gained speed the water tight gasket failed flooding the rear port side of the ship and causing her to list 11°. 12:20-26 more torpedo bombers attacked the two ships hitting the PoW another 3 times and the Repulse who had dodged 19 torpedos up until this point 4 times in quick succession. Her crew began to abandon ship 12:33-HMS Repulse capsized and sank with the loss of 508 of 967 crew. 12:41-The PoW was still under attack with one bomb going through the deck and hitting the makeshift hospital below. HMS Express pulled alongside the sinking ship and began to take the crew. 327 men were lost. 13:30-Both ships had sunk. The survivors were rescued by HMS Express and HMAS Vampire Here is a quote from Henry Leach, son of Captain Leach of the PoW. It shows how both Captain Leach and Captain Tennant understood the dangers of the mission they were undertaking: https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/princecrew/leach.html Here is the story of the sinking of the Prince of Wales told by R V Ward a survivor of the events that day: https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ww2peopleswar/stories/79/a4217979.shtml
  3. CluelessTommy

    Match box cap badges

    After some research I believe this to be from Anstie cigarette packets from 1915, there were 85 different ‘cards’ in the set of which I have 29. Thanks for the help and suggestions, Jack
  4. CluelessTommy

    High quality color photographs. British side

    I cannot comment directly on the set being worn in the picture as I am no expert in webbing however I did find this bit of information on a site about First World War Navy kit: 'The 1908 rifle sets were produced in vast numbers during the Great War becoming the standard British Army infantry set but their only WW1 Naval use was by the land based khaki clad Royal Naval Division later in the conflict, the R.N.D. force sent to defend Antwerp in 1914 wore blues and Victorian/1901 webbing, post 1920 the 1908 set entered full Naval use with surplus Army stocks equipping the Royal Navy throughout the 1920s and 30s and well into WW2.' 'The 1908 pattern showed the way forward for webbing sets so at the conclusion of the great war a new pattern of canvas sets was contracted from Mills for both rifles and revolvers for the royal navy, due to severe financial constraints procurement was very slow leading to at least one re-issue of the 1901 revolver sets and due to the availability of surplus 1908 rifle sets the 1919 pattern production concentrated on revolver sets so the intended 1919 rifle sets were never needed' From this information and what you have said the set in the photo is probably a 1908 army pattern of webbing that was used by the navy after being surplussed by the army, the navy did try to create their own webbing but did not have enough money to do so.
  5. CluelessTommy

    Second world War Target Harmonisation Posters

    It would be nice to see those, I have only seen ones of countryside and city scenes before. They possibly would of been even more useful than the other types due to the lack of home grown deserts to practice in and the lack of prominent features that could be used as indicators.
  6. CluelessTommy

    The Battle of the Falklands

    104 years ago today two German armoured cruisers and two light cruisers were sunk of the coast off the Falklands with two transport ships being captured and later scuttled. After being victorious in the battle of Coronel, Admiral Spee and his squadron - 2 heavy (Scharnhorst and Gneisenau), 3 light cruisers (Nurnberg, Dresden and Leipzig) with 3 auxiliaries attacked port Stanley where they were met by the British squadron - 2 battle cruisers (Invincible and Inflexable), 3 armoured cruisers (Carnarvon, Cornwall and Kent), 2 light cruisers (Bristol and Glasgow) and 1 armed merchant cruiser (Macedonia) who had arrived one day prior as well as HMS Canopus who had been grounded to act as defence for the port. 08:30- Action was sounded as ships were spotted in the distance Macedonia ordered to port as it was not fit for battle. Kent sent out to sea 09:00- Canopus opens fire as Carnarvon heads out to sea. The German ships move out of Canopus’s range but towards Kent causing her to move back towards the port. The Germans now seeing black smoke rising from the harbour and the distinctive tripod masts off British ships make off for the open sea 09:45- All ships apart from Bristol had steamed up 10:00-The British force leaves port ‘General chase’ order given, each captain may do whatever deemed fit to catch the German ships, Recinded after more precise orders on speed were given 11:30- British ordered to eat as there was some time before the Germans would be in range 13:00- The British open fire after catching the Germans 13:20- To give the light cruisers a chance at escape Spee turns his two armoured cruisers to fight Invincible was hit early on but suffered little damage Invinsible and Inflexable engage Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, the reminder of the British forces goes after the rest of the German squadron 16:04- Scharnhorst took extensive damage and sunk 18:02- Gneisenau is sunk after running out of ammunition at around 17:15 17:30- The Nurnberg turns for battle with Kent 18:30- Nurnberg suffers two boiler explosions 19:27- Nurnberg is sunk Leipzig being pursued by Cornwall and Glasgow had run out of ammunition but was still flying a battle ensign so it was not until it fired two flares that the british ceased fire 21:23- Leipzig sinks The German ships Dresden and Seydlitz escaped 1,871 German sailors and 10 British lost their lives with 19 British wounded 215 German sailors were rescued Many criticised Spee's decision to attack the port however it was later discoverd that they had in fact been lead by a fake signal created by British cryptographers who had broken the German naval code. More detail about the battle can be found here: https://www.britishbattles.com/first-world-war/battle-of-the-falkland-islands/ Regards, Jack
  7. CluelessTommy

    High quality color photographs. British side

    A German Tiger tank on its side in a ditch, North of Rome, and an american lorry in the background driving past (18 June 1944) A.R. Tanner (captain)
  8. CluelessTommy

    British WW1 postcards

    Another example, but this one does not have a pouch like the other two.
  9. CluelessTommy

    High quality color photographs. British side

    Yes it is, I looked through a fair few but that one really stood out
  10. CluelessTommy

    High quality color photographs. British side

    A Churchill Tank of the 51st Royal Tank Regiment crashes through a hedge during the advance across the Italian countryside (20 July 1944) Taken by A.R, Tanner (captain) Sailor wearing a steel helmet, carrying a Bren gun (No Date) Taken by an official Royal Navy photographer
  11. CluelessTommy

    Second world War Target Harmonisation Posters

    It may take a bit of set up time however it allows practise and testing of a vital skill that otherwise would only be possible on a live fire exercise, so the training value far out weighs the hassle of setting it up.
  12. CluelessTommy

    High quality color photographs. British side

    These are some very interesting pictures, An article by the smithsonian air and space magazine quotes British war photographers using ‘Kodachrome film obtained from the united states’ It also says that around 3,000 photos were taken using this film however only 1,500 remain and they were given to the imperial war museum in 1949. There is a published book that contains 80 of these pictures and the others can be seen on the IWM website. https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/search?query=colour+photographs+&pageSize=15&filters[collectionString][MINISTRY+OF+INFORMATION+SECOND+WORLD+WAR+COLOUR+TRANSPARENCY+COLLECTION]=on Regards, Jack
  13. Here are two of the 'Street Scenes Series' of three target harmonisation posters by Beric Young, They were used to practise coordinating the fire of members of a section to a specific target, they are to be viewed at 4-5 yards. A fire control order would be given to the men via GRIT (Group, Range, Indication, Type of fire) or the past equivalent and the shooters would then aim at that point on the poster and fire. They would use rifles with offset sights so that the rounds would not hit the posters but rather a target down range. These are signed Beric Young 42 so are thought to of been from 1942 and by Beric young. He was self taught artist and joined the Police War Reserve in 1939, but was later moved to the ministry of information, after the war he continued to paint for a living. You can read a little about his life here: http://www.bericyoung.com/beric_young_about.php The first picture is figure 1 which unfortunately has two rips horizontal rips in it half way up either end The second picture is figure 2 which is in also unfortunately in 3 pieces The third picture is one of figure 3 that I found on the internet
  14. CluelessTommy

    British WW1 postcards

    Thanks a lot, I thought of the Serbian flag but when I looked it up could only find it on the red, blue, white background so thanks for clearing that up. I mistook the green for a washed black. As for the vertical/horizontal stripes mix up unfortunately that isn't the first time this has happened, on my first look I thought the Belgian flag was that of the Wiemar republic, I knew it couldn't be but it still took longer than i'd like to admit to realise the stripes were the wrong orientation. Thanks again, Jack
  15. CluelessTommy

    British WW1 postcards

    Here is a similar example that I also found it doesn’t have an envelope so I can’t date when it was sent exactly. I didn’t post this earlier due to the yellow flag 1st on the right and the flag second on the right, they both look German to me and I couldn’t think of a allied nation that they could represent. If they are German than that would give the little card and therefore the whole thing a post war date as I doubt that would be included in wartime. The souvenir of war text also made me consider if it was wartime or post.Can anyone help with this? Also can anyone explain why the tears 1914-1915 would be on it. Apart from the obvious answer of that was the current duration of the war at that time. I ask as the same date is on the campaign star for the war despite it lasting till 1918. The two may not be connected but if anyone can explain either I’d appreciate it. Regards, Jack