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kenny andrew

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Everything posted by kenny andrew

  1. Very unusual items Gildwiller and excellent condition too
  2. Hi Raven, now moved to the correct section. If some one could translate the last few posts that would help our non German speakers
  3. Lovely rifle Gildwiller, the Portuguese Government contract rifles were actually of a higher quality than the standard K98's
  4. Perhaps a family member has a photo of him, that would look very good in the frame, plus a couple of RSF shoulder titles.
  5. “It was absolutely not a war crime. It was an act of war, lamentably legal.” The above was said by the Belgrano’s captain, Hector Bonzo, in an interview two years before his death in 2009. Since that fateful afternoon on May 2, 1982, the sinking of the Argentinian cruiser Belgrano by the British nuclear-powered submarine Conqueror has been regarded as one of the most controversial events of the Falklands War. Many British critics of the action, which resulted in the deaths of 323 Argentinian sailors, see the sinking as a war crime. In their eyes, the action was a disgraceful act of provocation by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher designed to escalate the conflict. However, it doesn’t quite work that way. The Belgrano was sunk outside the 200-nautical-mile total exclusion zone around the Falklands. Exclusion zones are historically declared for the benefit of neutral vessels; during war, under international law, the heading and location of a belligerent naval vessel has no bearing on its status. In addition, the captain of the Belgrano, Héctor Bonzo, has testified that the attack was legitimate as did the Argentine government in 1994. Though the ship was outside the 200-mile exclusion zone, both sides understood that this was no longer the limit of British action. On 23 April a message was passed via the Swiss Embassy in Buenos Aires to the Argentine government, it read: “In announcing the establishment of a Maritime Exclusion Zone around the Falkland Islands, Her Majesty’s Government made it clear that this measure was without prejudice to the right of the United Kingdom to take whatever additional measures may be needed in the exercise of its right of self-defence under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter. In this connection Her Majesty’s Government now wishes to make clear that any approach on the part of Argentine warships, including submarines, naval auxiliaries or military aircraft, which could amount to a threat to interfere with the mission of British Forces in the South Atlantic will encounter the appropriate response. All Argentine aircraft, including civil aircraft engaged in surveillance of these British forces, will be regarded as hostile and are liable to be dealt with accordingly.” Interviews conducted by Martin Middlebrook for his book, The Fight For The Malvinas, indicated that Argentine Naval officers understood the intent of the message was to indicate that any ships operating near the exclusion zone could be attacked. Argentine Rear Admiral Allara, who was in charge of the task force that the Belgrano was part of, said “After that message of 23 April, the entire South Atlantic was an operational theatre for both sides. We, as professionals, said it was just too bad that we lost the Belgrano“. The modified rules of engagement permitted the engagement of Belgrano outside the exclusion zone before the sinking. In his book, One Hundred Days, Admiral Woodward makes it clear that he regarded the Belgrano as part of the southern part of a pincer movement aimed at the task force, and had to be sunk quickly “The speed and direction of an enemy ship can be irrelevant, because both can change quickly. What counts is his position, his capability and what I believe to be his intention.” Admiral Enrique Molina Pico, head of the Argentine Navy in the 1990s, wrote in a letter to La Nación, published in the 2 May 2005 edition, that the Belgrano was part of an operation that posed a real threat to the British task force, that it was holding off for tactical reasons, and that being outside of the exclusion zone was unimportant as it was a warship on tactical mission. This is the official position of the Argentine Navy. HMS Conqueror returns home. It was commanded by 36-year-old Commander Christopher Wreford-Brown. Built in 1971, it carried a crew of more than 100 HMS CONQUEROR Churchill-class Nuclear Powered Fleet Submarine
  6. Not sure how many companies made them, but if you post some pictures we will see what we can do to help.
  7. Excellent the main priority is to post the pictures, then the makers can be edited at leisure, I'm sure the other forum members will be happy to help identify them too.
  8. Excellent photos Gildwiller, it would be good if you edited them to include who the maker is for each one, if it can be worked out. We would then have a really good reference of maker marks. I see Leon has already identified one as Bury's of Sheffield.
  9. Yes I agree Fritz, they also underestimated the British Prime Minister.
  10. Thanks to Buster for finding Toms medal card, pity the VC is not mentioned, it seems to be in another section which we can't access at the moment.
  11. I agree Nicola, hopefully he will log on at some point and you can share your information. I hope Gunner is OK as it's unusual for him not to reply.
  12. Interesting family group Buster especially with the note to the back of the index card. Colin do you have access to the medal cards? Would love to see the cards for my two uncles if they were available? Henderson, John Rank: Serjeant Regiment: 6th Battalion Cameronians. 3249529 John Henderson (377299 this is his new number issued to him as a officer ) to be 2nd Lt. 13th October 1946 SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 1 APRIL, 1947 page 1485 Caldwell, Thomas Rank: Serjeant Regiment: 12th Battalion. Royal Scots Fusiliers (Carluke) Date of Act Of Bravery: 31 October 1918 Campaign: 1914-1918 War Locale: Audenarde Medal card of Caldwell, Thomas Corps Regiment No 569 Rank Corporal Lancashire Fusiliers Royal Scots Fusiliers 295536 Serjeant SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, 6 JANUARY, 1919 Page .307 No. 295536 Sjt Thomas Caldwell, 12th Bn, R. Sc. Fus. (Carluke). For most conspicuous bravery and initiative in attack near Audenarde on the 31st October, 1918, when in command of a Lewis gun section engaged in clearing a farmhouse. When his section came under intense fire at close range from another farm, Sgt. Caldwell rushed towards the farm, and, in spite of very heavy fire, reached the enemy position, which he captured single-handed, together with 18 prisoners.
  13. Intrepid was the second of her class of purpose built LPDs used by Royal Navy. She was built in Clydebank, West Dunbartonshire, at the John Brown & Company yard and was launched in 1964 before undergoing trials and commissioning in 1967. She was the last ship built by John Brown & Co for the Royal Navy. Intrepid became the first Royal Navy warship equipped with satellite communication equipment in 1969. As a result of defence cuts, Intrepid went into reserve in 1976, being brought back into active service in 1979 to allow Fearless to be refitted. It was announced in 1981 that the two LPDs were to be deleted, with Intrepid undergoing decommissioning in 1982 at the outbreak of the Falklands War. After decommissioning, the Royal Navy was due to sell Intrepid to Argentina. However, Intrepid was brought back into commission, with her ship's company recalled by Commander Bryn Telfer the Executive Officer, and Malcolm MacLeod, the crew gladly returned to form part of the task group committed to Operation Corporate, the British effort to recapture the islands. Intrepid was commanded by Captain Peter Dingemans. With elements of 3 Commando Brigade embarked, Intrepid took part in the amphibious landings at San Carlos Water. HMS Intrepid was under attack in San Carlos Water on 25 May 1982, with a few fatalities, mainly Royal Marines. Nordic Ferry was also under attack. She came under heavy air attack once again during the operation, and was the main participant in the landings at Bluff Cove on 6 June. Margaret Thatcher and Sandy Woodward commended the efforts of the ships involved in the San Carlos attacks. The Intrepid would be the last ship to arrive, the last piece in the jigsaw, and so all the timings depended on her. As well as being one of the warships used for imprisoning the Argentinian prisoners of war, the surrender ending the Falklands conflict was signed on Intrepid's deck.
  14. Hi Fritz, following the start of WW2 or the "Emergency" as it was known in Ireland, the German-style M28 was replaced by British MkII helmets. In spite of its British manufacture, its ‘German’ style rendered it the butt of much anti-Irish British propaganda. Many of the withdrawn helmets were subsequently issued to various emergency services and painted white. Standard British MkII helmets were used by the neutral Irish Army from 1939 and remained in service until the 1960's. These were stenciled with the zone of command. This example of the Irish MkII steel helmet features the "Eastern Command" insignia on the front.
  15. Hi Armin, if you got the helmet for free from a farmer, that is very good news and sounds promising
  16. Hi Armin, Sorry I was rushing out yesterday so did not have much time, but after some research I think your helmet is Irish however it is formation sign for the Irish Eastern Command from the emergency period. During the Emergency period Southern Ireland was neutral so the helmet would only be used in Ireland and not in Tunisia. The 38th Irish Brigade in Tunisia would have worn British uniforms as it was made up from 1st Battalion of the Royal Irish Fusiliers, 2nd Battalion of the London Irish Rifles, 2nd and 6th Battalions of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. It's still an interesting helmet and I'm sure Leon will be able to tell you more about it, as these were ex British helmets the markings should tell you who and where it was made. As regards the Sauerland helmet, these helmets are practically non existent and heavily faked, the decal seems to be in very good condition compared to the rest of the helmet, I would be very cautious.
  17. I've not seen that div sign before either, Leon is our Brodie expert he should be able to help but he sometimes only checks in every few days.
  18. Hi Armin, welcome to the forum, I'm sure some of the forum members will be able to help identify your helmet
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